The Society of Legal Scholars
British and Irish Law, Education and Technology Association (BILETA)
The relations between creativity in mathematical & biological systems, creativity as a mental process, & creativity in the social world
Dr James Griffin
Dr James GH Griffin's main area of research relates to the impact of Intellectual Property laws upon digital technology. He has published articles on the role of authors in the digital environment, such as The evolution of authorship under technology: implications for copyright law in the IPQ and Copyright in Music in Legal Studies. He has had the vast majority of his articles published on SSRN feature within the SSRN top 10 lists. A monograph is currently in progress looking at the function of creativity within the development of society (Edward Elgar, 2018).
Current research interests include copyright and rationality, copyright and technology, memes and copyright, communicative theory and copyright, art and the law, and interdisciplinary research into creativity.
Dr Griffin, in conjunction with staff from Exeter, Sussex, Nottingham Ningbo (China), SLM (Singapore) and CUPL (Beijing, China) is currently funded by the AHRC China Digital Copyright and IP Law Research Centre to investigate digital licensing of 3D printed content (£95,709) as cited by the Minister for Intellectual Property. This work is being carried out with BILETA& (www.bileta.ac.uk). Dr Griffin is also funded by the EPSRC/ESRC with colleagues from Sussex, Swansea and Loughborough to look into 3D printing and RDM (c.£57,000). Dr Griffin has previously carried out funded research into copyright reform for BILETA, and into the role of the Digital Copyright Exchange for the SLS. Total research funding stands at £182,444. He is also adminstering the annual BILETA £5000 Google travel fund for PhD students.
He has provided advice to Guangzhou IP Office, and in the UK has acted as an advisor regarding protection of digital systems in electronic warfare. He has also written a Home Office report. He is currently the treasurer of BILETA, and is a member of the SLS Council. He also acts as the book editor for EJLT (www.ejlt.org). He has featured in the international press for his research. Dr Griffin is also the Director for the link between the Chinese University of Politics and Law, Beijing, and the School of Law, and has helped develop the relationships and placements in Beijing & Shanghai law firms for law school students. He is also responsible for visiting academic positions, as well as being the representative for the library. Requests concerning these areas may be addressed to Dr Griffin. Dr Griffin also acts as external examiner at the University of Liverpool, the University of Northumbria and Sheffield Hallam University.
Dr Griffin has successfully supervised a number of PhD students to completion on research concerning copyright and databases, and currently supervises several in relation various areas of IP law. He welcomes discussion with any potential PhD students and is willing to give advice with regard to IP PhD applications.
As a PI (or where relevant, joint PI):
2017 Google - administrator of annual Google travel fund for BILETA conference - £5,000 p.a.
2015-2017 AHRC-Newton Fund - 3D printing in China – £97,000 (lead PI)
2016 EPSRC (Co-PI) 3D Printing and RDM – c.£57,000
2016 Internal University of Exeter Award - to develop impact - £1000
2014/5 BILETA – 3D Printing Workshop - £595
2012 SLS – Digital Copyright Exchange – £1275
2012 EPSRC - The relationship between 3D printing and intellectual property law. With Charlotte Waelde, Liang Hao, Richard Everson £4,046
2011 – RIVENTA - A small £400 grant for research into copyright.
2011 – EPSRC - Water Recycling in Urban Areas, 2011. With F Memon, S Hughes, N Smirnoff, N Hawkins, S Barr & A Nayak - £5000
2011 - EPSRC “The relations between creativity in mathematical & biological systems, creativity as a mental process, & creativity in the social world.” With Anna Craft, Robin Durie, Pete Ashwin, Ed Keedwell, Katrina Wyatt, Andy Wills, Kerry Chappell, & Varuni Wimalasiri - £5500
2011 - BILETA – Copyright Reform – £2939
2008 - SELEX - Copyright / Licensing (Contract Consultancy Research) - £2400
2003 - Home Office - European Procurement Guidelines Project for the National E-Public Procurement Supplier Adoption and Economic Development programme -£10,000.
2002-2005 University of Bristol, Law Department PhD Scholarship Award (Scholarship & GTA)
Articles: (* = significant pieces)
*“A proposal for a doctrine of Information Justice” IPQ 44.
With Romero-Moreno, F., "The UK's criminal copyright proposals in an era of technological precision", 7 EJLT 2 (2016)
* “The Future of Technological Law: The Machine State” 28 International Review of Law, Computers and Technology 299 (2014) [in memory of Professor Jon Bing]
with Li, P., Mellor, S., Waelde, C., Hao, L., Everson, R., “Intellectual Property and 3D Printing: A case study on 3D chocolate printing” 9 Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice 322 (2014)
with Nair, A., “The regulation of pornography: Teleology (in)action”  International Journal of Law and Information Technology 1
with Nair, A., “Scientia potentia est: Making threats of copyright infringement”, 27 International Review of Computers, Law and Technology 1 (2013)
* “Copyright evolution - Creation, Regulation, and the Decline of Substantively Rational Copyright Law,” Intellectual Property Quarterly  234
* “Making a new copyright economy: A new system parallel to the notion of proprietary exploitation in Copyright”  Intellectual Property Quarterly 69
“The Digital Copyright Exchange: Threats and Opportunities” 27 International Review of Computers, Law and Technology 5 (2013)
“The nature of the interface between copyright and contract: A new approach” 2(1) European Journal of Law and Technology 5 (2011)
* “Copyright in Music: A role for the principles of reverse engineering”, 30 Legal Studies 653 (2010)
“300 years of copyright law: Time for a Change?”, 28 John Marshall Journal of Computer and Information Law 1 (2010)
“The architecture of copyright law”,  Intellectual Property Quarterly 380
“An historical solution to the legal challenges posed by peer-to-peer file sharing and digital rights management technology”, 15 Communications Law 78 (2010)
“The Digital Economy Act 2010 and the impact on semiotic certainty” 24 International Review of Law, Computers and Technology 251 (2010)
“The rise of the digital technology ‘meritocracy’: legal rules and their impact” 15(3) Information and Communications Technology Law 211 (2006)
“Interactivity and digital works: how legal rules are restricting our ability to use digital works as a communications medium” 20(3) International Review of Law, Computers and Technology 301 (2006)
“The ‘secret path’ of Grokster and Corley: Avoiding liability for copyright infringement” 10(5) Communications Law 147 (2005)
“The need for a new paradigm in IP Law: A focus on authorship” 14(3) Information and Communications Technology Law 269-278 (2005)
“The evolution of authorship under technology: implications for copyright law" Intellectual Property Quarterly (2005) 135-154
"Why the European Court of Justice is no longer running wild: The three fears", 1 International Affairs Society Journal 8 (2004) (on-line journal)
“Book Review: Harmonizing European Copyright Law: The Challenges of Better Lawmaking” 16 Journal of Computer, Media and Telecommunications Law 43 (2011)
“Book Review: Emerging Issues in IP” 14 Journal of Computer, Media and Telecommunications Law 35 (2009)
“Book Review: A User’s Guide to Copyright” 11 Journal of Computer, Media and Telecommunications Law 142 (2006)
“Book Review: In the Public Interest” 11 Journal of Computer, Media and Telecommunications Law 67-68 (2006)
“Book Review: Copyright and Free Speech” 10(4) Journal of Computer, Media and Telecommunications Law 142-143 (2005)
“Book Review: Intellectual Property in the new Millennium: Essays in Honour of William R. Cornish” 10 Journal of Computer, Media and Telecommunications Law 106-107 (2005)
The State of Creativity: The Future of 3D Printing, 4D Printing and Augmented Reality (Edward Elgar, forthcoming, 2018)
with Chan, Choo and Osuji, Intellectual Property Rights and Emerging Technology: 3D Printing in China (Routledge, forthcoming 2018)
with Nair, A., and Ying, J., “Intellectual Property Law” Hodder Arnold, 2007
“Intellectual Property Law Guidebook” ITC, 2007 & 2008 editions (ed.)
With Romero-Moreno, P, and Gillen M., BILETA Response to the Culture, Media and Sport Committee’s ‘Fake news’ inquiry, BILETA, 2017.
With Romero-Moreno, P., Consultation Response – BILETA reply to the EC consultation on the evaluation and modernisation of the legal framework for the enforcement of IPRED - 2016
With Romero-Moreno, P., Consultation Response – BILETA reply to the Criminal Copyright Provisions – 2015
With Osuji, O., Kok, A., Gillies, L., Consultation Response – BILETA reply to the European Commission Public consultation on contract rules for online purchases of digital content and tangible goods – 2015
Contributor to the Copyright User Licensing Pages www.copyrightuser.org – 2014
With Mendis, D., Consultation Response – BILETA reply to the EU Copyright Treaty – 2014
Advised the Chinese Guangdong Intellectual Property Office about UK law – 2013
Response to EC Consultation on Green Paper on the Online Distribution of Audiovisual Works in the European Union: Opportunities and Challenges towards a Digital Single Market, IPFF, 2011.
Review of the Digital Economy Act, DASLS, 2010
Response to Consultation on legislative options to address illicit P2P file-sharing, 2008.
Lutkenhouse, S., Ying, J., "Best Value, EC Treaty and EU Regulations", NePP Supplier Adoption & Economic Development, Home Office (2003)
Organiser of numerous talks at the University of Exeter for the SCuLE research group, with many high profile speakers.
I have been featured in the Guardian, IT Register and the Daily Dot, as well as numerous international publications.
Conference Papers (selected):
Licensing of 3DP copyright content, invited lecture to LLM students, Bournemouth University, May 2017
3D Printing and Watermarking, SCuLE Staff Seminar, University of Exeter, May 2017.
3D Printing and Automated Licensing Systems, BILETA, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, April 2017.
3D Printing and Licensing, China Electronic Information Expo: International Symposium on 3D printing and Internet of Things, Shenzhen, China, April 2017
3D Printing - AHRC Project Report, University of Nottingham, February 2017
Tracking Technologies in 3D Printing, Building Digital Identities Workshop, University of Exeter Science Park, February 2017.
3D printing and watermarking: FInal Conclusions from the AHRC Project, AHRC 3D Printing in China Conference, Shanghai, December 2016.
With Jones, A., The Future of Privacy in a world of 3D printing, IALS, London, 2016.
Watermarking and biotech printing, EPSRC Project - Mass customisation governance of re-distributed manufacturing, 1 Kemble Street, London, 2016.
The regulation of biotech 3D printing, Taiwan Representative Office UK, London, 2016.
The need for a doctrine of information justice, SLS, University of Oxford, 2016.
3D printing – the future of dissemination, AHRC Workshop on 3D Printing, University of Nottingham Ningbo, China, 2016.
The findings of the AHRC empirical study on automated licensing of 3D printed products in China, University of Nottingham Ningbo, China, 2016.
With Li, P., The necessity of ‘privacy justice’ in the era of technological regulation, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, 2016.
With Li, P., The regulation of 3D printing in China, Central South University, Changsha, China, 2016
The concept of a sui generis right for 3D printing, University of Hertfordshire, 2016
The use of technology to regulate Intellectual Property, University of York, 2015
The legal challenges of 3D and 4D printing, Dresden University of Technology, Germany, 2015 (invited speaker)
Intellectual Property, Regulation and Future of the Internet, University of Exeter, 2015 (invited speaker)
The rise of the legal identifier, IBM Showcase, University of Exeter, 2015 (invited speaker)
With Hao, L., 3D printing: A case study and watermarking technologies, University of Bournemouth, 2014 (invited speaker)
SLS Funded Qualitative Research about the Digital Copyright Exchange, SLS Conference, University of Nottingham, 2014
With Mendis, D., BILETA Reply to the EU Consultation on the EU Copyright Treaty, University of East Anglia, 2014
Copyright Reform, BILETA, University of Liverpool, 2013
A proposal for a new system parallel to the notion of proprietary exploitation in copyright, Society of Legal Scholars, University of Bristol, 2012
Too many laws, too few examples: Copyright Evolution, BILETA, University of Northumbria, 2012
Copyright Evolution: Creation, Exploitation, Rationalisation, BAAS, University of Manchester, 2012 (invited speaker)
Copyrights and Contracts, GikII VI, IT University, Göteborg, Sweden, 2011
A uniform test for Intellectual Property, Sheffield Hallam University Staff Seminar, 2010 (invited).
Intellectual Property: A unified test? [but with an emphasis on the concept of property and autopoiesis], Jean Monnet Seminar Series in the Information Society, University of Exeter, Jean Monnet Seminar Series in the Information Society, University of Exeter 2010
Rethinking IP theory, Chinese University of Politics and Law, Beijing, 2009 (invited speaker)
Age of Digital Convergence, Hong Kong University, 2009 (invited session chair)
University of Cambridge Roundtable discussion, University of Cambridge, 2009 (invited participant)
International Studies in IP law, Institut fur Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs und Medienrecht, University of Dresden, Germany, 2009 (invited participant)
A new approach for the justification of copyright in the digital era?, GIKIII, Oxford Internet Institute, 2008 (invited speaker)
The Role of ‘Ancient Regulation’ in a Copyright LLM Course, European Intellectual Property Teachers Network, University of Newcastle, 2008 (invited speaker, a write up is available at http://www.eiptn.org/workshops/Newcastle%20report.pdf )
Copyright: What happened to creativity?, BILETA, Glasgow Caledonian University, 2008
Should we have an exemption for transformative works in the Information Society Directive?, BILETA, University of Hertfordshire, 2007
Grokster – the end of p2p networks? A practical and theoretical analysis SLS Conference, Keele University, 2006
The effect of recent rulings and subpoenas on the use of p2p networks BILETA, University of Malta, Mdina, 2006
Why peer to peer file sharing should not be treated as an illegal activity, Intellectual Property Teachers' Workshop, University of Cambridge, 2005.
I have also been invited to a number of AHRC and RCUK events concerning discussion about future directions of research funding.
I have also been invited to a number of AHRC and RCUK events concerning discussion about future directions of research funding.
Selected Press Articles about research:
3D printing conference presentation 2017:
3D Printing Conference December 2016:
Research in China about 3D printing:
Research about the Digital Economy Bill 2016:
- LAW2015 - The Law of Torts
- LAW2034 - European Union Law
- LAW3028 - Intellectual Property
- LAW3028C - Intellectual Property
- LAW3047 - Dissertation
- LAW3071 - Sports Law for Non-Lawyers
- LAW3081 - Copyright, Confidence, Remedies and Theories
- LAW3081C - Copyright, Confidence, Remedies and Theories
- LAW3082 - Trademark and Patent Law
- LAW3082C - Trademark and Patent Law
- LAWM640 - Dissertation
- LAWM673A - Copyright Law and Policy
- LAWM675 - Intellectual Property Law and Policy