Honorary University Fellow
Richard Moyes is Managing Director and co-founder of the UK-based NGO Article 36. He was a leading strategist in the development of the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, the 2015 Safe Schools Declaration and the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions. He undertakes research and analysis on risks for the artificial intelligence company DeepMind. Moyes is a member of the governance boards of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), which was awarded the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize, and of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, which was co-laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997. He previously established and managed humanitarian landmine clearance and explosive ordnance disposal operations.
He has degrees in History and in Social Anthropology from Gonville and Caius College Cambridge.
I work on weapons, armed violence, civil society coalitions and international humanitarian law:
NGO publications (written or co-authored)
2009 Explosive violence: the problem of explosive weapons, Landmine Action, London, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-8-8.
2009 Ambiguity in practice: benchmarks for the implementation of CCW Protocol V, co-written with Katie Harrison, Landmine Action.
2008, Joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions: a chance to save civilian lives, produced by Landmine Action in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
2008 Prohibiting cluster munitions: our chance to protect civilians, co-written with Greg Crowther, United Nations Development Programme, BCPR.
2007 Cluster munitions in Kosovo: analysis of use, contamination and casualties, Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-5-7.
2006 Anti-vehicle mines: managing the risk to humanitarian organisations, co-written with Greg Crowther for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-4-0.
2006 Failure to Protect: a case for the prohibition of cluster munitions, co-written with Dr. Brian Rappert for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-1-9.
2006 Campaign newsletter, Failure rates and the protection of civilians, Landmine Action, Summer 2006, Issue 12.
2005 Cluster munitions in Lebanon, co-written with Thomas Nash for Landmine Action, ISBN: 0-9536717-8-X.
2005 Campaign newsletter, Out of balance, Landmine Action, Winter 2005, Issue 11.
2005 A study of scrap metal collection in Lao PDR, analysis and strategy recommendations for UNICEF, published by Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), Geneva.
2005 Formal and informal responses to ordnance contamination, research paper co-written with Dave Tinning commissioned by the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Geneva.
2004 Humanitarian Impact from Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines, Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), Geneva.
2003, MAG Sri Lanka Project Report 2002, Mines Advisory Group Sri Lanka.
2002 Explosive Remnants of War: unexploded ordnance and post-conflict communities, Landmine Action, ISBN: 0-9536717-3-9.
1999 “Landmines & Unexploded Ordnance,” chapter written by Richard Moyes & Steve Wilson for Safety First: Security Management for NGO Workers, Save the Children Fund (SCF), London.
1996 British Landmines, as research assistant, UK Working Group on Landmines.
Journal articles and book chapters
2011 A New Agenda on Explosive Force, with Thomas Nash, Disarmament Times, Vol 34. no. 1, Summer 2011
2011 Statecrafting Ignorance: Strategies for managing burdens, secrecy, and conflict, with Prof. Brian Rappert and A.N.Other in Maret [ed.] Government Secrecy, Emerald Books 2011.
2010 The Convention on Cluster Munitions: A Commentary, as a contributor, book edited by Gro Nystuen and Stuart Casey-Maslen, Oxford University Press.
2010 Enhancing the protection of civilians from armed conflict – precautionary lessons, with Prof. Brian Rappert in Medicine, Conflict and Survival, Vol.26 No.1, January-March 2010.
2009 The Prohibition of Cluster Munitions: Setting International Precedents for Defining Inhumanity, with Prof. Brian Rappert in The Nonproliferation Review, July 2009, Volume 16.2
2008 Implications of the Convention on Cluster Munitions for developing a norm against area-effect use of explosive weapons, informal paper, 23 July 2008.
2007 Explosive remnants of war (ERW) and proportionality assessments under International Humanitarian Law: an example of UK practice, 11 April 2007, informal paper to the CCW.
2004 Economic necessity in the mine action sector - a very short discussion paper, Richard Moyes, December 2004.
NGO publications (as editor)
2009 Banning Cluster Munitions: Government policy and practice, co-author/sub-editor, Human Rights Watch and Landmine Action.
2008 [ed.] Counting the cost: the economic impact of cluster munition contamination in Lebanon, by Greg Crowther for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-8-8.
2008 [ed.] A convention beyond the Convention, by Dr. Brian Rappert for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-7-1.
2008 [ed.] Cluster munitions: analysis of legal cases, by Stuart Maslen and Prof. Virgil Weibe, Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-6-4.
2007 [ed.] M85: an analysis of reliability, by Colin King, Ove Dullum and Grethe Østern for Colin King Associates, Norwegian Defence Research and Norwegian Peoples Aid.
2006 [ed.] with Simon Conway and Raza Shah Khan, Landmines and Islamic Teachings, by Dr. Quibla Ayaz and Dr. Miraj ul Islam Zia, Sustainable Peace and Development Organisation (SPADO), Pakistan.
2006 [ed.] Foreseeable harm: the use and impact of cluster munitions in Lebanon – 2006, report by Thomas Nash for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-3-3.
2006 [ed.] Bosnia’s political landmines: a call for socially responsible and conflict sensitive mine action, report by Matt Bolton and Hugh Griffiths for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-2-6.
2005 [ed.] Out of Balance: UK Government efforts to understand cluster munitions and International Humanitarian Law, report by Dr. Brian Rappert for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-0-2.
2005 [ed.] Explosive remnants of war and mines other than anti-personnel mines: Global impact survey 2003-2004, edited and with an introduction by Richard Moyes for Landmine Action, Mines Action Canada, Actiongroup Landmine.de, London, ISBN: 0-9536717-9-8.
2012 – ongoing -- Managing Director, Article 36
Established Article 36, the world-leading not-for-profit organisation specialising on international law and policy to protect civilians from weapons. The organisation pioneered the concept of a treaty prohibition on nuclear weapons and won the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize as part of the steering group of ICAN. Article 36 is on the governance bodies of the major international coalitions concerned with developing and upholding protections from weapons.
- Between 2013 and 2017, Moyes chaired 12 meetings of an informal group of diplomats and civil society partners that undertook strategic planning for the development of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Moyes presented as an invited expert during the final treaty negotiations.
- Moyes facilitated drafting of the 2015 Safe Schools Declaration – an international policy instrument to protect education in conflict;
- Developed the concept of ‘meaningful human control’, the leading policy formulation in efforts to curb autonomy in weapon systems;
- Has continued to build engagement with the humanitarian impact of ‘explosive weapons in populated areas’, including through founding and leading the International Network on Explosive Weapons;
- Established and leads Article 36’s partnership with the ethics and society project of DeepMind.
2011 -- Consultancies
- Co-authored a resource book on international civil society campaigning (www.globalcoalitions.org).
- Undertook monitoring of landmine clearance and ordnance disposal operations in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq for Norwegian People’s Aid.
2005 - 2010 -- Director of Policy & Research: Landmine Action (later AOAV)
Leading the development of policy and strategy towards a treaty prohibition on cluster munitions, violence reduction and recognition of the humanitarian impact of explosive weapons.
- Leading role in research, policy development and political strategy to establish the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions. Negotiated on behalf of the Cluster Munition Coalition on Article 2 (Definitions) within the Dublin Diplomatic Conference that adopted the treaty;
- Supported the development the 2010 Oslo Commitments on Armed Violence;
- Framed ‘explosive weapons in populated areas’ as a major humanitarian policy concern – creating new terms for understanding certain patterns of violence that were subsequently adopted by the UN Secretary-General and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
- Co-Chair of the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC), an international network of more than 300 civil society organisations that established an international ban on cluster bombs;
- Member of the Editorial Board of the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, a civil society initiative monitoring the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty and the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.
2004 -- Consultancies
- Researched and wrote a publication on the humanitarian impact of anti-vehicle mines, based primarily on research in Angola for the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD).
- Coordinated and edited a global survey of the impact of explosive remnants of war and anti-vehicle mines for Landmine Action.
- Led a Cambodian research team in a six-month project to analyse the prevalence, incidence, demographics and drivers of unexploded ordnance handling behaviour in rural communities of Cambodia for Handicap International Belgium, Mines Advisory Group and Norwegian People’s Aid.
2002 - 2004 -- Programme Manager, Sri Lanka: Mines Advisory Group (MAG)
Established and managed Mines Advisory Group’s explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) and landmine clearance project in Sri Lanka.
- Undertook the first assessment of landmine clearance capacity and needs in the northern ‘Vanni,’ an area controlled by the Tamil Tigers (LTTE).
- Established the first processes of international mine action assistance into this heavily mine and UXO contaminated area.
- Supported the development of innovative working methodologies, including the use of rakes as manual demining tools.
- Established the first external mine action assistance to LTTE-controlled areas of the eastern Province of Batticaloa, a region of very high political sensitivity.
- Within two years the overall project had an annual budget of US$1.7 million and included community liaison, risk education and mechanical survey/verification assets, as well as EOD and technical survey teams.
2001 -- Consultancy
- Researched and wrote a report on the social and economic impact of unexploded ordnance, including unexploded submunitions, on post conflict communities in Kosovo, Eritrea and Cambodia for Landmine Action.
2000 - 2001 -- Project Coordination Manager: Mines Advisory Group
Overall responsibility for project fundraising, grant management (30+ grants, total approx £15 million per annum), logistical and administrative support to field programmes and development of new project areas. Managed an eight-person team.
- The project coordination section consisted of five staff coordinating landmine clearance and ordnance disposal projects in Angola, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, northern Iraq, Kosovo, Lao PDR, Lebanon, south Sudan and Vietnam.
- The technical section consisted of three staff providing specialist support to projects on clearance methodologies, community liaison, risk education and trauma medicine.
1995 - 2000 -- Previous roles within Mines Advisory Group:
- 1999 - Project Coordinator, Cambodia, Kosovo, northern Iraq: Responsible for fundraising, grant management, logistics, general project coordination and operations development for landmine clearance and ordnance disposal operations. Led assessment missions to Albania and Macedonia that provided the basis for establishing MAG’s mine action project in Kosovo. Undertook assessments of Namibian Police Explosive Unit capacity, and landmine and UXO contamination in northern Uganda.
- 1995 - Information Coordinator: Wrote a series of five reports on the impact of landmine and unexploded ordnance contamination based on research in Cambodia, Lao PDR, northern Iraq and Namibia. Wrote MAG’s 1997 and 1999 Global Activities Reports.
EDUCATION & ACADEMIC
2009 - ongoing -- University of Exeter
- Honorary University Fellow, College of Social Sciences and International Studies (2011 - )
- Honorary University Fellow, Centre of Advanced International Studies, Department of Politics (2009-2011)
1991 - 1995 -- University of Cambridge, Gonville & Caius College
- M.Phil., Social Anthropology
- M.A. (Cantab.), History 2.i, Senior Exhibition, 1993 & Honorary Senior Exhibition, 1994