European Research Council
European Research Council
Professor Claudio Radaelli
PhD in Political Science, University of Florence
Professor of Political Science, Jean Monnet Chair in European Public Policy, Director, Centre for European Governance
Welcome to my home-page!
I am the Anniversary Chair in Politics, Director of the Centre for European Governance (http://centres.exeter.ac.uk/ceg/) and since September 2014 Jean Monnet Chair in Political Economy. The Anniversary Chair in Politics was created in 2004 by the University of Exeter to promote international excellence in comparative policy analysis and political economy, with an inter-disciplinary orientation. This is a privileged position for someone who thinks that the most exciting problems in public policy are addressed by interdisciplinary teams. My idea of "team" covers colleagues in Politics, Law and Economics, as well as my doctoral students and research fellows. Research students should be prepared for their ‘adult’ life – thus they work on their dissertations but also take part in specific policy projects, offer training to regulators, animate discussion forums, and, when appropriate, interact with policy-makers.
The key-words that best define my research are regulation, Europeanization, policy learning and research design. In June 2016 the European Research Council awarded an advanced grant for the project PROTEGO - Procedural Tools for Effective Governance. This project (2016-2020) will collect original data on procedural regulatory instruments in 28 countries of the European Union, and produce new analyses of how combinations of regulatory instruments affect trust in government, the control of corruption, and ease of business. It will be carried out with Claire Dunlop (Exeter) and Alessia Damonte (Milan). Jonathan Kamkhaji is our senior researcher and data steward. The project is supported by a team of researchers and by an International Advisory Team with experts in administrative law, regulation and methods.
PROTEGO is my second ERC advanced grant. It follows Analysis of Learning in Regulatory Governance 2009-2013 - a project carried out with Claire Dunlop, Oliver Fritsch (now at Leeds University), and research fellows, including Jonathan Kamkhaji - with Jonathan we went on to publish a paper on new microfoundations for policy learning. This project allowed me to contribute to theory building in the field of policy learning and to work on the narrative policy framework - now my NPF interests include a theoretical contribution in Critical Policy Studies (with Mike Jones) and a co-authored chapter on the NPF in the new edition of Theories of the Policy Process (2017). You can read the story of how I got from Alreg to Protego in this 2017 article.
Turning to knowledge utilization, over the last four years I advised the OECD, the World Bank and the European Commission in different ways. I was the author of one of the three REF case studies for Politics-Exeter on the impact of his research on the OECD, World Bank and European Commission. In 2015 Claire Dunlop and I launched Policy Exchange to support public engagement in the field of European public policy. Recently I contributed to the development of the OECD framework for regulatory policy evaluation with an expert paper and co-production of knowledge with the OECD delegates in meetings and working parties. With Claire Dunlop, I organized a research session for the Regulatory Scrutiny Board of the Commission in May 2017 to showcase the findings of a series of recent research projects carried out by interdisciplinary teams.
Apart from learning and regulation, I also have an interest in research design. Dr. Theofanis Exadaktlylos and I published a large co-edited volume on Research Design in European Studies, looking at how to establish the causal effects of European Union public policy and politics on domestic political systems (Palgrave, 2012). With two oustadning Swiss colleagues, Prof. Fabrizio Gilardi and Dr. Martino Maggetti, I authored a book on Research Design in the Social Sciences (Sage, Dec. 2012). In the past, I worked on the topic of governance architectures, with a special issue on the Lisbon Agenda of the European Union (Journal of European Public Policy, 2011, co-edited with Professor Susana Borras). With Susana we engaged in a research programme on modes of governance in Europe, publishing policy-relevant articles for the Swedish Centre for European Policy Studies and later in academic journals and books.
In terms of teaching, in 2016-2017 I convene the core Module in the MA in European Politics (POLM606) and a very popular third-year interdisciplinary module on Markets, Regulation and Europeanization (POL3081). I also contribute to our Masters in Public Administration with a Module on Regulatory Reform: Analysis and Practice which will be taught next time in March 2018.
Research group links
For the next four years or so I will be busy with the ERC advanced research project Protego - Procedural Tools for Effective Governance. Protego arises out of a fundamental claim: Combinations of procedural regulatory instruments have causal effects on the performance of political systems, specifically trust in government, control of corruption and doing business. The key mechanism in this causal relation is accountability. Protego provides a theoretical framework to capture the effects of accountability by adopting an extension of delegation theory. This framework allows us to produce and test observable implications. Empirically, this programme will collect, validate and analyze original data on the EU-28 on judicial review, freedom of information acts, impact assessment, administrative procedure acts, consultation and other procedural policy instruments. We claim that it's the overall ecology of policy instruments that produces casual effects, hence bivariate relationships do not tell the story we are interested in. These ecologies combine in sequences and paths associated with the outcomes. In the social sciences, the theory suitable for this type of analysis is qualitative comparative analysis - hence we will mainly use set-theory.
Beyond Protego, research publications have contributed to the theory of the policy process, policy learning, the role of economics in public policy, the diffusion of regulatory reform, and international taxation. Most research in public policy is descriptive and a-theoretical, whilst my work is explanatory and theoretical. This also explains my recent interest in research design and methodologies for political science, as shown by the two books published in 2012 and the article with Mike Jones in 2015. Explanatory, theory-driven research is also the best springboard for public engagement and research commissioned by international organisations and governments: they do not need to hear the same views generated by their in-house research departments!
Substantively, I have carried out fieldwork and published on Canada, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the UK, USA and, most of all, the European Union.
Current Research Topics and Projects
Over the last five years, I published on...:
- Regulatory impact analysis
- Fiscal coordination in the European Semester
- Crisis, learning and change in the European Union
- Narrative Policy Framework: theory and applications
- Experiments with public managers / experiments about myths surrounding the European Union
I supervise research students working in the broad areas of comparative public policy, regulatory reform, the use of economics in lawmaking and regulation, Europeanisation, theories of learning. Recently I also supervised students working on the politics of nonviolence.
THE VALUE OF A PhD AT EXETER: this is where my former PhD students are now, in Fall 2013: Samuele Dossi is policy office (Evaluation desk, DG Regio) at the European Commission, Brussels; Theofanis Exadaktylos is lecturer in politics, University of Surrey; Fabrizio de Francesco is lecturer in politics, University of Strathclyde; Lorna Schrefler is head of regulatory affairs, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels; Eleni Xiarchogiannopoulou is post-doctoral research fellow at ULB, Brussels.
CURRENT PGR STUDENTS (first supervisor)
Laura Harth, South West Doctoral Training Centre Scholarship for a collaborative PhD on Setting the UN Agenda for the Right to Know. Collaborative partner: Nonviolent Radical Party. Laura started in September 2015. Co-supervised with Claire Dunlop.
Thibaud Deruelle, Reputation in Crisis Management: the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Thibaud started in September 2015 Co-supervised by Madalina Busuioc. Read his first peer-reviewed article on bricolage or entrepreneurship in European Policy Analysis
CURRENT PGR STUDENTS (second supervisor)
Nick Dickinson works on the regulation of the salaries and expenses of members of parliament in Westminster democracies. His first supervisor is Prof Nicole Bollyer.
Titilayo Soremi is completing her doctoral dissertation on how policy narratives shape transfer mechanism. She is first-supervised by Prof Claire Dunlop.
RECENTLY AWARDED A PhD...
Jonathan Kamkhaji, Regime and Learning Shifts in Economic and Monetary Coordination, PhD awarded in October 2017. Second supervisor Prof Nicole Bolleyer. Examiners: Prof Eric Jones (JHU, Bologna) and Prof Duncan Russel. Dr Kamkhaji works full time as data steward in the project Protego, Procedural Tools for Effective Governance, funded by the ERC. Check his publications on research gate
Roberto Baldoli, Reconstructing nonviolence. Roberto was co-supervised by me (first supervisor) and Dr Andrew Schaap. His dissertation was examined in November 2015 by Dr Ramin Jahanbegloo - Roberto is currently associate lecturer in Politics at Exeter where he teaches two modules on Nonviolence. Dr Baldoli is completing a volume based on his thesis, to appear in 2018.
Anas Buera, Discourse and policy narratives in authoritarian regimes. The case of economic governance in Libya 2003-2010. First supervisor since July 2013. Anas completed in December 2015 and was awarded the PhD at the January 2016 ceremony. His dissertation was examined by Dr Philippe Zittoun, a leading author in discourse analysis and critical policy studies, secretary of the International Association for Public Policy and organizer of ICPP (international conference on public policy).
Helena Cook, Performing Identity: Descriptive and Symbolic Representation in New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Thesis submitted in June 2013, External Examiner Professor Sarah Childs, Bristol University. PhD awardedin 2014.
Samuele Dossi, How cities encounter Europe: arenas and mechanisms of Europeanization (full time, writing up). Sam is currently a full-time officer at the European Commission, DG Regio, where he works on policy evaluation. PhD awarded in 2012; external examiner: Dr Caitriona Carter, University of Edinburgh)
Theofanis Exadaktlyos, Europeanisation of foreign policy agendas: Germany and Greece PhD awarded in DEC.2010. Fanis is now a lecturer in European Studies at the University of Surrey.
Fabrizio De Francesco, The diffusion of regulatory impact analysis in the OECD member states PhD awarded in DEC.2010. External examiner: Prof Andrew Jordan, UEA. Fabrizio is a lecturer in the School of Government and Public Policy at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow and has published articles in Comparative Political Studies and other journals.
Lorna Schrefler, Why do regulators make different usages economic analysis? PhD AWARDED in January 2012. Lorna is now Head of Regulatory Affairs at the Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium. External examiner: Prof Ian Sanderson, Emeritus,m Leeds Met. She has published academic articles in Governance, Public Money and Management, and Regulation & Governance.
Eleni Xiarchogiannopolou, Ideational politcs, narratives and institutions: the case of pension reforms in Greece PhD awarded in 2011. Eleni works on a FP-7 research project at the ULB, Brussels, department of political science. External examiner: Prof Dimitris Papadimitriou, University of Manchester.
Research fellows / current and past: Oliver Frtisch (since September 2010), Anne Meuwese (now senior lecturer at Tilburg), Karl O'Connor, Ulrike Kraemer, Fabrizio De Francesco, Jonathan Kamkhaji, Nicola Corkin.
[a] External PhD examiner:
LSE (several times; department of international relations, department of government, School of Management),
University of Manchester (2001)
University of East Anglia (2008)
Sciences-Po-Paris (2001, 2003, 2007, 2013)
Nuffield College-Oxford (2001)
Cambridge (department of international relations, 2001),
European University Institute (2006, 2007, 2010),
University of Siena (Italy, 2006)
University of Strathclyde (2001)
University of Lausanne (2009),
University of Copenhagen (2009)
University of Pittsburgh (2004)
University of Sheffield (2013)
University of Copenhagen (2017)
University of Milan - Political science (2017)
University of Bristol (2017)
[b] External examiner: LSE, MSc regulation, LLM in regulation (2008- Dec.2011)
EUROPEAN CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL RESEARCH
ECPR official representative, Exeter University, since 2005
Co-editor (with Richard D, Katz until 2012, then with Professor Yannis Papadopolous) European Journal for Political Research (August 2009-2014)
Member of the Executive Committee of the Standing Conference of Heads of European Studies (2003-2005)
Member of NISA, Network of Italian Scholars abroad, 2009
Member of American Political Science Association, ISA, BISA, PSA, Italian Political Science Association, EUSA, UACES
EVALUATION AND PEER REVIEW
Evaluator for ESRC, Leverhulme Trust, UK and occasional reviewer for the Austrian, Swiss and French Social Science Research Agencies
Evaluator of Advanced projects, European Research Council (2009)
Evaluator for the European Commission, FP Six
Italian Ministry for higher education (2012-2013)
ADVICE AND KNOWLEDGE UTILIZATION
 Design and delivery of three editions of a residential, Exeter-based course on impact assessment in multi-level systems for the Directors of Better Regulation of the EU (with Anne Meuwese) 2006 and 2007
 Participation to the Ceps task force on the future of Europe for the Swedish Presidency of the EU, 2009
 Organization of a session on regulatory management for the International Regulatory Reform Conference, Berlin, 2008
Video (regulatory indicators): http://www.irr-network.org/videos/session/39/Session-2.3-Regulatory-metrics-From-measurement-to-management.html
Video (training for better regulation):
 Presentation on governance and international taxation to the Brussels Tax Forum, 2009
Brussels Tax Forum Presentation:
Video of the presentation: select part 2 of the videostream
 Member of the experts panel of NAO (National Audit Office) on regulatory reform (2003-to now)
 Advisor to FIAS-IFC, the Investment Climate Advisory Service of the World Bank Group. Author of two reports on regulatory indicators for FIAS-World Bank Group (with Fabrizio De Francesco), 2009
 Since 2008, Claudio sits on the Technical advisory board on the Better Regulation for Growth programme, a joint initiative of the World Bank Group (FIAS), the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and DFID.
 Report on parliaments and new regulatory quality tools for FIAS-World Bank Group, Presentation to the Serbian Parliament in March 2009 on usage of impact assessment tools. Co-author of a study on using regulatory indicators to measure and communicate regulatory performance for the OECD Regulatory Policy Committee (2013, with Dr Oliver Fritsch)
 Participation to experts meetings organized by the OECD and BERR, 2005 and 2009
 Core designer of the first global core course on regulation of the World Bank Institute, Washington, 2009
(With Anne Meuwese) Design of the course on regulatory management for the European Academy of Legislation, The Hague, 2009
 Drafting of handbooks on regulatory impact assessment, World Bank Institute, 2009 and Italian Government, 2001
 Design and direction of the course on "Better Regulation Tools: legislative quality and policy appraisal" offered by the European Academic for Legislation, 2009, http://www.europeanacademyforlegislation.eu/index.php/en/home/11-general/13-ria-start
 Luiss - Guido Carli University, Rome. Member of the academic committee of the School of Government by the board of directors of the university, July 2009-2011
Editor, European Journal of Political Research (since August 2009)
Member of the editorial board, Journal of European Public Policy (1999-2012)
Member of the editorial board, Journal of Public Policy (2003-2012)
Member of the editorial board, South European Society and Politics (since March 2004)
Member of the advisory board, Rivista Italiana di Politiche Pubbliche (since 2002)
Member of the advisory board, Politique Europeenne (since 2001)
Member of the editorial board, Regulation and Governance (since March 2009)
Member of the editorial board, Bulletin of Italian Politics (since April 2009)
Member of the editorial board, European Journal of Risk Regulation (since November 2009)
Member of the editorial board, Policy and Society (since March 2011)
Referee for American Journal of Political Science, Governance, Comparative Political Studies, West European Politics, Journal of European Public Policy, Journal of Common Market Studies, European Journal of International Relations, Rivista Italiana di Politiche Pubbliche, Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, European Journal of Political Research, International Studies Quarterly, Public Administration, Journal of Public Policy, Regulation and Governance, Acta Sociologica
External impact and engagement
Shaping how international organizations think about regulatory reform (with Claire A. Dunlop)
The issue we hope to affect with our engagement and impact activity is how international organizations think about regulatory reform. The pivotal organizations in this field are the World Bank, the European Commission, and the OECD. The three organizations have gradually converged on the concept of regulatory quality, the nature of regulatory reform agendas, and the policy instruments that embody this agenda, such as consultation, access to regulation, regulatory impact assessment, and regulatory evaluation. With our research, engagement and impact we hope to shape the definition of regulatory quality, the usage of instruments like impact assessment, and the functions of regulatory scrutiny. Indeed, the regulatory reform instruments can be used in a variety of ways, from wars on red tape to more sensible ways to capture the likely effects of proposed regulation on the economy and the environment. Another key message that we are pressing on our impact partners in these organizations is the importance of thinking in terms of constellations or ecologies of policy instruments, instead of looking at these instruments one by one.The main research question we are addressing is how regulatory reform promotes accountability, and how public (regulatory) accountability has causal effects on economic outcomes like the business environment, and political outcomes like trust in institutions.
This is a broad research question, but for the purpose of impact we can narrow it down to how international organizations define regulatory quality (e.g. the role of learning, the measurement of quality, its dimensions…), how they promote the policy instruments of regulatory reform, and how they define regulatory oversight in the publications and activities that are then endorsed by national delegates and implemented by governments. During the last twelve months, we have identified the following partners, and visited all of them, in one case thanks to the ESRC impact acceleration award: World Bank Practice on Global Governance, Washington European Union Regulatory Scrutiny Board of the European Commission, Brussels OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Regulatory Policy Committee I was appointed adviser to the European Court of Auditors in December 2016 to provide input to their analysis of the regulatory reform strategy of the European Commission. The ECA will carry out its work in 2017.
Examples of activities: World Bank – Study visit in May 2016 (Washington) with presentation of a research paper and several meetings with WB staff. One important result of the visit was that the World Bank launched their Global Regulatory Impact Assessment Award in 2017. This award is important because it captures our idea of bottom-up innovation on regulatory reform and how the instrument of impact assessment should be used by governments to learn.
Regulatory Scrutiny Board – I was the only external to the first RSB away day on 14 October 2016 where this body defined its priorities and strategy. Further to this RSB away day, Claire Dunlop and I proposed a Research Session to the RSB to infuse their thinking with fresh, challenging research not yet known inside the European Commission. This session ran in Brussels on 2 May 2017. At the same time, I invited the deputy chair of the Regulatory Scrutiny Board to visit Exeter in March 2017, giving a masterclass to our students taking the Masters in Public Administration.
I joined the University of Exeter in September 2004. The university provides a superb teaching and research environment. The Anniversary Chair in Politics and the Directorship of the Centre for Regulatory Governance enable me to contribute creatively to teaching and to the research activity of the Department of Politics and the university in the area of regulatory governance.
Born in Milan in 1960, I studied Economics and Social Sciences at Bocconi University in Milan (1979-1985), with a dissertation on the political economy of full employment supervised by Professor Giuliano Urbani. I then worked for several years in the private sector and policy research institutes. I started my PhD in 1992 at the University of Florence , and spent 14 months of my doctoral training at the University of Warwick under the supervision of Jeremy Richardson, thanks to a ‘human capital mobility’ grant of the European Commission. I wish to thank my Italian maestri, Bruno Dente, Leonardo Morlino and Gloria Regonini, who had faith in a rather mature PhD student and taught me theoretical policy analysis and comparative politics. Jeremy Richardson had a unique impact on the early stages of my career in the UK. I learned from Jeremy essential virtues such as passion, professionalism, integrity and dedication to research. Jeremy is another key person who had faith in me: he put me in the chair of the Warwick workshop on policy analysis in 1994-1994 and made me interact with outstanding political scientists, at that time all at Jeremy's court, i.e., the European Public Policy Institute. They were Laura Cram, Alison Harcourt , Geoff Dudley, Mike O'Neill, Nick Robinson, and Daniel Wincott. At Warwick, I also learned about research design and comparative public policy from another outstanding professional, Wyn Grant. Wyn also re-kindled my passion for football - something I had neglected for too long during the PhD years.
In 1995 I joined the Department of European Studies at Bradford University, where I was promoted senior lecturer in 1998 and chair in public policy in 2000. Bradford’s European Studies Department was an exciting place to be in the second part of the 1990s. We were rated 5 in the 1996 RAE (Research Assessment Exercise) and 5* in 2001. Bradford was a unique place in those years. We had a 5-star department entirely dedicated to European Studies, with the strongest MA on European Studies in the country. Academic research was genuinely exciting. Ken Dyson, Kevin Feathersone , Dimitris Papadimitriou and Roberto Espindola became my core intellectual partners. In the meantime I edited a book on Europeanisation with Kevin, gave papers at the research seminar that Roberto organises every year at Bradford, and cooperated with Ken on several projects on the Euro and domestic politics. Today, Ken and I cooperate in the Intune project led by the University of Siena in Italy.
In 1997-1998 I was Jean Monnet fellow at the European University Institute, Florence. During the academic year 1999-2000, I was official visiting fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford and ‘invited professor’ at Sciences-Po, Paris, under the aegis of their Chaire Européenne.
In 2002-2003 I co-directed the European Forum Programme of the European University Institute. My co-directors were GianDomenico Majone and Claus-Dieter Ehlermann - two real leaders in the profession, and two exquisite gentlemen. With them in the driving seat, I enjoyed leading a team of post-doctoral fellows coming from political science, law, and economics. I returned to Bradford in July 2003 and was awarded a Jean Monnet Chair in EU Policy Analysis by the European Commission. In 2003-2004 I directed the Centre for European Studies at Bradford.