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Legal texts

Party Law - Primary Legislation

View Party Law.

This website provides access to party law affecting parties regarding formation (basic freedoms and legal recognition), operation (core activities and resources) and dissolution (withdrawal of legal personality and ban) in 19 advanced democracies (see the project page for more details). As far as possible, the data base covers law in force in 2014. Furthermore, the data base focuses on national regulation. Only in those cases where relevant areas are exclusively regulated on the regional level has a selection of subnational laws been provided to cover those areas. Party law is broadly defined and does not only include legislation targeting parties specifically (e.g. party laws, party finance laws, electoral laws). It also covers legislation that applies to parties by regulating them as private associations or other, more broadly defined, legal forms that encompass parties. Documents are organized in basic categories (constitutions, party finance law, association law, tax law, criminal law, etc.) that are listed below the countries covered if they are relevant to the regulation of parties. While the focus is on statutory legislation, wherever suitable we have also added administrative proceedings or (mostly in Common Law democracies) central court rulings that directly affect political parties in core areas. Self-regulation that parties can choose to follow or not is not covered. Wherever English translations were available, documents are provided both in the original language and in English. Information on the original source for each document is provided in the data base. Please note that some of the documents provided are in copyright, and users should consult the copyright holder before using them for any purposes other than non-commercial research.

See for a database on party law and party finance law more particularly Ingrid Biezen's project 'Party Law in Modern Europe' at the University of Leiden.

 

NGO Law - Primary Legislation

View NGO Law.

This website provides access to NGO law affecting membership-based voluntary organizations (e.g. interest groups, citizen associations, advocacy organizations, lobby groups) regarding formation (basic freedoms and legal recognition), operation (core activities and resources) and dissolution (withdrawal of legal personality and ban) in 19 advanced democracies (see the project page for more details). NGO law encompasses legislation that applies to associations, non-profit or not-for-profit organizations, charities, public benefit organizations, etc., i.e. the main legal forms that membership-based voluntary organizations can take in the respective country. As far as possible, the data base covers law in force in 2014. Furthermore, the data base focuses on national regulation. Only in those cases where relevant areas are exclusively regulated on the regional level has a selection of subnational laws been provided to cover those areas. Documents are organized in basic categories (constitutions, lobby law; association law, tax law, anti-terrorism legislation etc.) that are listed below the countries covered if they are relevant to the regulation of parties. While the focus is on statutory legislation, wherever suitable we have also added administrative proceedings or (mostly in Common Law democracies) central court rulings that directly affect political parties in core areas. Self-regulation that parties can choose to follow or not is not covered. Wherever English translations were available, documents are provided both in the original language and in English. Information on the original source for each document is provided in the data base. Please note that some of the documents provided are in copyright, and users should consult the copyright holder before using them for any purposes other than non-commercial research.