Dr Julien Dugnoille
OFFICE HOURS: Term 1 - Monday 1.30-3.30pm
OFFICE: Byrne House FF8
I received my PhD in Anthropology from the University of Oxford. My doctoral dissertation entitled The Seoul of cats and dogs: Trans-species ethnography of animal welfare and animal cruelty in contemporary Korea, will be published with the University of Chicago Press in 2017-18. This research is based on ethnographic fieldwork in Seoul from July 2012 until August 2013 and explores how Koreans struggle to make sense of the tension between the emergence of animal welfare and the perpetuation of traditional health behaviours that involve animal processing. I have analysed a variety of discourses produced by both Korean and non-Korean, academic and non-academic stakeholders on cat and dog meat consumption, in order to reveal the on-going tension between these powerful ubiquitous ideas and the lived experience of Koreans today. My research reveals how the aesthetics of cruelty and empathy is employed to singularize livestock into companion animals thereby transgressing cultural taboos regarding Western ethics of species separation. It thus contributes to key anthropological debates about the cross-cultural circulation and cross-fertilisation of moral values and its impact on the ethics of post-domestic and post-industrial human-animal interactions. It also questions the influence of policymaking, at both national and international levels, on applied animal ethics, cultural stigmatization and the reinforcement of national sentiment.
- Dugnoille, J. (in press July 2018) How an image makes people move: Symbolic reality, civil disobedience and skills training on and off the stage of an Oxford University Theatre Production. Visual Ethnography, 7(1).
- Dugnoille, J. (in press- April 2018) To eat or not to eat: Symbolic value of dog meat and human-dog companionship in contemporary South Korea. Food, Culture and Society, 21(2).
- Ingold, T and Dugnoille, J (eds.) (forthcoming April 2018). Monograph of the 2015 ASA Conference in Exeter. Bloomsbury.
- Dugnoille, J. (in press 2018) The Seoul of cats and dogs: An ethnography of animal welfare and animal cruelty in contemporary South Korea (working title). Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.
- Dugnoille, J. (2017) ‘I heard a dog cry’: More-than-human interrelatedness, ethnicity and zootherapy in South Korean civil society discourse about dog meat consumption. Ethnography, SAGE Publications.
- Dugnoille, J. 2016. Digitalizing the Korean cosmos: Ontological transfiguration and more-than-human ethnicity in contemporary Korea. Visual Studies, 31(4): 324-334.
- Dugnoille, J. 2016. The truth about cats and dogs (and how they are consumed in South Korea). The Conversation. URL: http://theconversation.com/the-truth-about-cats-and-dogs-and-how-they-are-consumed-in-south-korea-56306. Last accessed: 02/10/17.
- Dugnoille, J. 2014. From plate to pet: Promotion of trans-species companionship by Korean animal activists. Anthropology Today, 30(6), December 2014.
- Dugnoille, J. 2012. Advertising Paekdusan: An ethnography of travel in contemporary South Korea. In Proceedings of the 6th World Congress of Korean studies. Awarded Junior Scholar Prize.
- Dugnoille, J. 2005. Le désir d’anonymat chez Blanchot, Nietzsche et Rilke, Paris: L’harmattan.
- Dugnoille, J. 2004. (with Morin, F.) La Philosophie du déchet. In Cobast, E. and Richard, R. (eds.), Culture Générale 1. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France (P.U.F.).
RESEARCH GRANTS, AWARDS AND FELLOWSHIPS (SELECTED)
- Co-investigator, Exeter Anthrozoology and Symbiotic Ethics (EASE) (withdrawn)
- Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Musée du quai Branly (declined)
- Bronze Award, Above and Beyond recognition scheme (Excellence in teaching) University of Exeter
- Korea Foundation PhD Fellowship, University of Oxford (research only)
- Fulbright IIE Fellowship, The University of Chicago (research only)
- Research Grants Academy of Korean Studies (research only)
- Junior Scholar Paper Prize 6th World Congress of Korean Studies
- School of Anthropology & Museum Ethnography 3-year PhD Scholarship, University of Oxford
- Philip Bagby Fund Award for Fieldwork in Korea Oxon
- School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) Korean Language Course Funding
- Oxford University Alumni Society Award for Volunteering Work in India, University of Oxford
- Bourse au mérite (Academic Merit Scholarship) in Philosophy Sorbonne
- Erasmus - LLP Scholarship
- Mention Très bien (Top of Class for 4 years in a row) for Maîtrise (BA Hons) in Philosophy Sorbonne
Research group links
TAILS FROM THE STREETS
I was Co-Investigator (2017-2020) with Exeter Anthrozoology as Symbiotic Ethics (EASE) on a project entitled: Tails from the streets. I withdrew from the project and the team in 2017.
Through a pilot research of Seoul’s advertising agencies, this research aims to investigate how travel images of North Korean destinations are produced in South Korean advertising organisations and are commoditized, and consumed, as South Korean cultural products. I focused on a particular mountain on the border between China and North Korea, ‘Paekdusan’. I shared my findings at the Academy of Korean Studies (AKS)’s bi-annual conference, where I won the Junior Paper Prize Award.
MEAT OFF LIMITS?
With this research also based at Exeter's Centre for Anthrozoology and Symbiotic Ethics, I plan to develop the first in-depth ethnographic research in English on how cultural ethics of distribution between edible and non-edible species are evolving today in the context of global meat production and how moral stances associated with meat consumption are developing into a need to enhance global food traceability and the accentuation of nationalist sentiments associated with animal meat consumption/production.
Based on my participation as an actor in two plays by Louis de Voltaire performed at the University of Oxford in 2011, Le Fanatisme ou Mahomet le prophète and Zaïre, and as a actor/make-up artist in a Parisian Grand-guignol play, Le baiser dans la nuit, this research engages with the ethnographic presence of drama on and off the stage. More widely, I use eight years of experience in the drama and film industry in France and the UK to propose a critique of the anti-neoliberal narratives of ‘well deserved success’ mobilized in vocational acting training in Europe today.
THE SEOUL OF CATS AND DOGS
Between July 2012 and July 2013, I conducted thirteen months of fieldwork in Seoul. My four main field sites were animal welfare organizations. These sites where supplemented by a series of secondary locations, which I visited less often but very regularly. This was my doctoral research.
I offer individual and in-group supervision to both undergraduate and graduate students every week. In 2015-16, I was responsible for 4 BA, 12 MA and 4 MPhil dissertations focusing on more-than human sentience. I am now first supervisor for 2 PhD Anthropology/Anthrozoology students.
Past student dissertations include research on animal cruelty, farm animal welfare, contemporary discourses about health and ecosystems, the microbiome, slaughterhouses in Ireland, sensorial economy in animal street collections, animal biographies and signages in English and Scottish zoos, vegan food for pets, mountain sentience, or the use of polar bears as symbols of climate change.
I welcome enquiries from prospective MA, MPhil and PhD students. All of our students in Exeter are working on very exciting and important projects. I am always keen to develop more projects with hard-working individuals looking to improve human and nonhuman welfare and/or contribute to the development of qualitative, research-based Anthropology and Anthozoology. Some of my students work on slaughterhouse visibility in Ireland and Denmark, the Irish-Welsh greyhound trade, the connections between discourse about human ethnicity/race and nonhuman pedigree breeding in UK cat shows, the biopolitics of dog training in the UK, how zooarchaeology in Greece can inform current debates about human-nonhuman intersubjectivity, biographies of lions in French circuses, or the phenomenology of disgust in a Londonian butchery.
The visibility of animal slaughter in Denmark contrasts starkly with the modes of concealment typical of slaughterhouses in industrialised societies. Members of the public can enter a pig slaughterhouse and participate in a tour of the facility, tracking the animal from the slaughterhouse gate to the dinner plate. Interestingly, Denmark boasts one of the highest meat consumption rates in the world. This transparency of animal slaughter transcends the slaughterhouse to other arenas of animal consumption. My ESRC-funded PhD will involve a 13-month ethnographic fieldwork wherein I will interrogate Danish cultural attitudes towards animals and explore how these are influenced by visibility of animal consumptive practices. In collaboration with Copenhagen Zoo, I will conduct participant observation as well as semi-structured interviews with staff. I will carry out a significant ethnographic study of a Danish slaughterhouse using a variety of sociological and anthropological research methods. In an effort to recreate the immersive experience of the slaughterhouse, I will utilise a background in visual anthropology in collaboration with two art galleries in the exhibition of my research material.
Circus tradition that includes a central role for animal performance persists in France and is afforded governmental support and promotion through the Ministry of Culture. However, traditional circuses in Europe that perform with wild animals are being challenged publicly and altered through the enactment of legal bans on use of these animals, reflecting increasing unease with wild animal performance in particular. My PhD project involves multi-sited multispecies ethnographic research of current 21st century traditions of wild animal performance in circuses in France, to investigate circus discourse and the lives of animals caught within entertaining narratives. I will undertake fieldwork within three circuses that perform in and around Paris. I build on existing research that explores boundaries between humans and other animals in circuses to explore how traditions of wild animal performance in French circuses may trouble or blur boundaries between humans and other animals, and how it is possible to make “visible” the lived experiences of individual animals to understand more fully the bodily impact of these traditions. Ideas in biopower and phenomenology provide the theoretical frame for this research which is located at the crossroads of Anthrozoology, Ethnographic Anthropology and Applied Philosophy. The study produced will capture a rare analytical account of an oral and physical tradition, while also giving full consideration to animal experience, of benefit to scholars of performance but also to those considering the welfare of animals in circuses, with great potential to feed into policy discussions and decisions.
External impact and engagement
I am a Lecturer in Anthropology (Education and Research) here at Exeter and, when I do not focus on human-animal interactions, my areas of expertise are East Asia (Korea and Japan), Visual Anthropology and Philosophy. I trained under the likes of Isabelle Stengers, Patrice Loreau, Françoise Bonardel, Robert Deliège, Jean-Paul Colleyn, Marcus Banks, Jay Lewis, Roger Goodman and Inge Daniels.
I am originally from Belgium (Brussels). The question I always get is ‘Are you Flemish or Walloon?’- to which the answer is ‘neither!’ Belgium is divided into three administrative regions: Wallonia, Flanders and Brussels, and I am from the latter. My native language is French but, as a good Belgian, I also speak Flemish which I was taught between the age of 4 and 17. I moved to Paris to study for my BA in Philosophy at the Sorbonne, then decided I wanted to give Theatre a try and attended a Drama School while working on the side towards getting a ridiculously difficult title that only the French recognize: the ‘Agrégation de philosophie’. I then tried to make it as a starving artist in Paris and acted in a few theatre productions. I then went on with my academic career by attending the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), where I read for an MA in Ethnology. While doing this MA, I also worked full-time as a consultant and speechwriter for the current French Ministre de l'environnement, after which I moved to Oxford to get an MSc in Visual Anthropology and then a DPhil (PhD) in Anthropology. During my last two years as a PhD, I gave tutorials in Anthropology to Undergraduates at St Hugh's, Wadham and New Colleges (these are all Oxford Colleges). I graduated in July 2015 but had started Lecturing for the MA Anthrozoology programme at Exeter since May 2015.
I was brought up in a family that greatly valued human and nonhuman individuality. My grandfather had a farm in the Poitou region in France where I spent every summer of my childhood. I could not wait to go there each year, as it was such a joy to immerse myself for two months in a daily routine where I was asked to take care of horses, sheep, ducks, peacocks, chickens, cats and dogs. I was told to look after the animals as kindly as I could. I was often reminded that some of them would have to be killed and eaten by us in the end. That awareness made me want to know more about the various perspectives one is asked to adopt regarding nonhuman animals and whether moving from one perspective to the next could really be seen as a moral transgression. This has, no doubt, shaped my desire to look at the cat and dog meat trade in Korea for my PhD, as did my fascination for East Asia as a child and teenager.
In my free time, I appease my obsession for nineteenth-century European literature and by devouring Emile Zola's work and other naturalist descriptions. I also love the work of Victor Hugo, Charles Mathurin and Gustave Flaubert to name but a few. Today, I live in Exeter's countryside with my human and nonhuman animals, including my husband, my cats Toshio and Kyattsu Ei, and my dog Idem who is an Instagram celebrity: https://www.instagram.com/p/BQ5fDULj-NM/?tagged=dogsofexeter.
- Sep. 15-present. Lecturer in Anthropology (Permanent), Full-time Education and Research, University of Exeter
- 2015-16. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Musée du quai Branly (declined)
- May-Aug. 2015. Lecturer in Anthropology (Anthrozoology), Full-time cover for maternity Leave, University of Exeter
- 2009-10. Consultant for Current French Ministre de l’environnement, Paris
- 2015. D.Phil. Anthropology University of Oxford
- 2013. Fulbright Anthropology and History University of Chicago
- 2011. M.Sc. Visual Anthropology University of Oxford
- 2010. Master Ethnology Ecole des Hautes Etudes (EHESS)
- 2008. Drama School Cours Florent (Full-time) & Guildhall and LAMDA (Summer training)
- 2004. Licence & Maîtrise (BA Hons.) Philosophy Sorbonne