Photo of Dr Staffan Müller-Wille

Dr Staffan Müller-Wille

Associate Professor

4340

01392 724340

Byrne House FF18

Office Hours: Tuesdays, 11am to 1pm in Byrne House, Office GF1.

My research stretches the history, philosophy and social studies of the life sciences. I have worked extensively on the history of taxonomy, with a focus on Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), and on the cultural history of heredity, including the history of race and kinship in anthropology. I am Associate Director of the Centre for the Study of Life Sciences (Egenis) and member of the Centre for Medical History at the University of Exeter.

I am Editor-in-Chief of the journal History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences and co-direct the Ischia Summer School for the History of Life Sciences. I hold an Honorary Chair at the University of Lubeck and have been a guest scholar at the Max Planck Institute for History of Science.

For a full CV click here; for a full publication list here. The link to publications to the right will take you to a list automatically populated from a variety of databases, which is full of errors and should not be consulted.

Check out the new translation of Gregor Mendel's "Experiments on Plant Hybrids" (1866) I prepared in collaboration with the British Scociety for the History of Science.

Research group links

Research interests

In my research, I approach questions of epistemology – questions concerning how knowledge is attained and how it changes over time – through detailed historical case studies covering the history of the life sciences since the early modern period. I am partcularily interested in the role of classification in the life sciences, a subject that remains poorly understood, despite its fundamental significance for how we acquire knowlegde about the living world.

Three research strands structure my work:

1. History and Philosophy of Systematics

Systematics is the discipline that studies biodiversity by classifying and naming organisms. Its history has so far largely been written as a history of ideas. In contrast, I argue that the primary aim of modern systematics is not the representation of nature, but the storage, organisation, and mobilisation of knowledge about nature. Systematics is an essential component of our "built information environment" (Bowker and Star), and its fundamental operations -- naming, grouping, and ranking organisms -- have to be understood as material practices that shape our understanding of the natural world.

In the past four years, I have studied these practices by looking at the ways in which the eighteenth-century naturalist Carl Linnaeus assembled, filed, and cross-referenced information about plants and their medicinal virtues. The research was supported by the Wellcome Trust, and was carried out in close collaboration with Dr. Isabelle Charmantier. We could show that Linnaeus experimented with a range of information technologies -- such as lists, or paper slips resembling modern index cards -- troughout his career, and that these technologies informed his taxonomic ideas. For more details and a list of publications, see the project's website.

I am currently exploring ideas for a collaborative project on the history and philosophy of modern systematics (19th and 20th centuries) as a guest of  the Sciences of the Archives and Histories of Big Data working groups at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin.

2. History of Heredity

From 2001 to 2011 I collaborated closely with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger from the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin in a long-term, interdisciplinary project on the cultural practices in which knowledge of "heredity" was produced and in which it unfolded its effects over the past four centuries. The  backbone of this project consisted  in a series of international workshops that drew together expertise from the history of science, medicine, law, economics, and art as well as political history and anthropology. Its main results may be summarized as follows:

The main results of this project have now been published as a book (A Cultural History of Heredity, Chicago, 2012), and can be summarized as follows:

  • Heredity is a biological concept that dates back to the early nineteenth century. Before, organic reproduction was conceptualized as an individual act of creation.
  • Heredity was a concept directed at explaining hereditary variation, rather than intergenerational stability as such.
  • With genetics and molecular biology in the twentieth century, heredity receded into the background of accepted knowledge, foregrounding questions of evolution and development in new ways.

Although this project is largely completed, I continue to be interested in particular aspects of the history of heredity, such as its role as a capricious force in theories of evolution, its relation to cell theory and concepts of specificity, the status of the gene as a "concept in flux", and the interplay of statistics and hereditary research around 1900.

3. History of Race and Kinship

One of my long term interests has been in the history of race and kinship in anthropology. In contrast to a longstanding tradition which largely treats the history of race as a the history of a false idea, I am interested in its pragmatic and political dimensions, building on a continental understandiong of concepts as tools, rather than representations. In the academic year 2011/2012 I pursued this project as a research fellow in the Max Planck Resecrh Group "Historicizing Knowledge about Human Biological Diversity in the 20th Centuryin Berlin. I will be resuming this line of my reseach in 2017 as fellow of an international research group on "Kinship and Politics" at the Centre for Interdiscipilinary Research, Bielefeld (Germany).

Research Project Websites:

Re-Writing the System of Nature: Linnaeus's Use of Writing Technologies (Funded by the Wellcome Trust, 2009-2013)

A Cultural History of Heredity (Funded by the Karl Schaedler Foundation, British Academy, Wellcome Trust, British Council and German Academic Exchange Service)

Recent publications:

Gregor Mendel (2016). Experiments on Plant Hybrids (1866). Translation and commentary by Staffan Müller-Wille and Kersten Hall. British Society for the History of Science Translation Series. URL=http://www.bshs.org.uk/mendel.

Staffan Müller-Wille. "Race and History: Comments from an Epistemological Point of View." Science, technology, and Human Values. In press.

Staffan Müller-Wille and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger. A Cultural History of Heredity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Staffan Müller-Wille and James Delbourgo. “Introduction to Isis Focus Section ‘Listmania’.” Isis, 103 (2012), 710–715.

Staffan Müller-Wille and Isabelle Charmantier. “Natural history and information overload: The case of Linnaeus.” Studies in Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (2012), 4–15.

Staffan Müller-Wille. “Making sense of essentialism.” Critical Quarterly, 53 (2011), 61–77.

Staffan Müller-Wille. “Claude Lévi-Strauss on race, history, and genetics.” BioSocieties, 5 (2010), 330-347.

Staffan Müller-Wille. “Cell Theory, Specificity, and Reproduction, 1837–1870.” Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 41 (2010), 225–231.

Staffan Müller-Wille. “The Dark Side of Evolution: Caprice, Deceit, Redundancy.” History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 31 (2009), 183–199.

Staffan Müller-Wille. “History redoubled: The synthesis of facts in Linnaean natural history.” In Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and his Contemporaries, edited by G. Engel, N. Karafyllis, R. Nanni and C. Zittel, Vol. 2, 516–538. Leiden: Brill.

Research supervision

 

  • History and philosophy of science
  • History and philosophy of the life sciences (especially natural history and genetics)
  • History and philosophy of anthropology

 

Research students

Emily Stone, University of Exeter

Marcus Stelter, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg

Mark Canciani, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastián

Naomi Yuval, Tel Aviv University

Maria do Mar Gago, University of Lisbon

 

Completed:

 

Sarah Jones, University of Exeter

James Lowe, University of Exeter, 2015

Tarquin Holmes, University of Exeter, 2015

Temilola Alanamu, University of Exeter, 2015

Antonios Basoukos, University of Exeter, 2014

Pascal Germann, University of Zurich, 2014

Pierre-Olivier Methot, University of Exeter, 2012

Giuditta Parolini, University of Bologna, 2013

Robert Meunier, University of Milan, 2012

Biography

Staffan completed an MSc in geology and paleontology at the Free University Berlin in 1992. After short term projects in molecular biology (Université Paris XII) and marine geology (North-Atlantic Expedition 21 of FS Meteor), a PhD studentship at the Institute for Science and Technology Studies of the University of Bielefeld allowed him to move into history and philosophy of science. He received his PhD in philosophy from the University of Bielefeld in 1997 with a dissertation on Linnaeus and the Natural System, which was published as a book in 1999. Staffan left academia for a while in 1998 to work as a scientific curator at the German Hygiene Museum in Dresden. Staffan was part of a team responsible for setting up a new permanent exhibition on “Der Mensch (The Human Being).”

In December 2000, Staffan was appointed resident research scholar at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. In close collaboration with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, he developed a long term research project on the cultural history of heredity. A series of international workshops was organized that covered the topic from the early 16th to the late 19th century. In addition, Staffan taught at the Technical University of Berlin and held short term lectureships at the universities of Mexico City and Tel Aviv (Silverman Lectureship).

In October 2004, Staffan was appointed AHRC research fellow in philosophy of biology at the ESRC Centre for Genomics in Society (Egenis) of the University of Exeter. He continued his research on heredity, pursuing the history of the concept into the 20th century. In 2007, he co-edited an essay collection with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger covering the history of heredity up to 1870. A book summarizing the results from the project for a broad audience was published in German in 2009.

With the end of his research project, Staffan took up a joint position as lecturer in the Department of History and the Department of Sociology and Philosophy at the University of Exeter. He remains associated with Egenis, and has also established a close connection with the Centre for Medical History. From October 2008 to January 2009, Staffan was a guest scholar in Lorraine Daston's department at the Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science (Dept. Datson). He held short term research fellowships at the Maison de l'Homme, Paris, in 2005 and the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science, Minneapolis, in 2007.

Staffan served as programme officer in 2005-2007 for the International Society for the History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, and as Council Member of the British Society for the History of Science from 2008 to 2012.

Publication list

 

Books

in preparation               with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Heredity: History and Culture of a Biological Concept, Chicago: University of Chicago Press; manuscript completed, contracted publication in spring 2011.

2009                with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Das Gen im Zeitalter der Postgenomik. Eine wissenschaftshistorische Bestandsaufnahme, Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp (edition unseld), 155 pp.
summary published online with
Spiegel Online, http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/ technik/0,1518,656304,00.html (last accessed 06/11/2009).
reviewed in: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 06/10/2009, Deutschlandradio Kultur 11/11/2009; Biospektrum 01/2010.

        with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Vererbung: Geschichte und Kultur eines biologischen Konzepts, Frankfurt/M.: S. Fischer Verlag, 348 pp.
reviewed in: Deutschlandfunk 22/03/2009, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 27/04/2009, Gen-ethischer Informationsdienst GID, Nr. 193, April 2009; Wissenschaftlicher Literaturanzeiger 49/1.

1999                Botanik und weltweiter Handel. Zur Begründung eines Natürlichen Systems der Pflanzen durch Carl von Linné (1707-1778), Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung (= Vol. 3; Studien zur Theorie der Biologie, edited by O. Breidbach & M. Weingarten), 351 pp.
reviewed in: Sudhoffs Archiv 86(1), History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21, Investigación y Ciencia 2001(3).

Edited books

in preparation               with Christina Brandt and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Heredity Explored: Between Public Domain and Experimental Science, 1850-1930, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; draft manuscript completed.

2007                Carl Linnaeus. Musa Cliffortiana. Clifford’s Banana Plant, with an introduction by Staffan Müller-Wille, translated by Stephen Freer, Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy (= Vol. 148, Regnum Vegetabile), 264 pp.
reviewed in: Plant Sciences Bulletin 54(4), Archives of Natural History 36(1).

        with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Heredity Produced: At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture 1500-1870, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (= Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology, edited by J. Z. Buchwald), 496 pp.
reviewed in: H-Net, Early Science and Medicine 12, Isis 99(3), Journal of the History of Biology 41(3), Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies 8(2), Journal of Interdiciplinary History 39(2), Bulletin of the History of Medicine 82(3), Nuncius 32(2), Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 39(4), The Sixteenth Century Journal 11(1), British Journal for the History of Science 43(2).

2005-2012       Subject editor “Natural History,” Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 16 vols; eight volumes have appeared so far.

2003-2004       with Dieter Hoffmann and Hubert Laitko, Lexikon der bedeutenden Naturwissenschaftler, Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 3 vols., 1.634 pp.

Journal articles

in print           “Claude Lévi-Strauss on race, history, and genetics,” BioSocieties, special issue „DNA and History“, edited by S. de Chadarevian; proof read.

2010                with Maureen O’Malley, "The cell as nexus: connections between the history, philosophy and science of cell biology,” Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 41 (3 = Part Special Issue “Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Cell Biology,” Guest Editors: Maureen O'Malley and Staffan Müller-Wille), 169–171.

        “Cell Theory, Specificty, and Reproduction, 1837–1870”, Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 41 (3 = Part Special Issue “Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Cell Biology,” Guest Editors: Maureen O'Malley and Staffan Müller-Wille), 225–231.

2009                “The Dark Side of Evolution: Caprice, Deceit, Redundancy,” History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, vol. 31 (2), pp. 183–199.

2008                with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, “Race and Genomics: Old Wine in New Bottles? Documents from a Transdisciplinary Discussion,“ NTM – Journal of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, New Series, vol. 16 (3), pp. 363–386.

2007                “Hybrids, pure cultures, and pure lines: From nineteenth-century biology to twentieth-century genetics,” Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 38 (4), pp. 796–806.

        “Collection and Collation: Theory and Practice of Linnaean Botany,” Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 38 (3), pp. 541–562.

        with Karen Reeds, “A translation of Carl Linnaeus' introduction to Genera Plantarum (1737),” Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 38 (3), pp. 563–572.

        with Vitezslav Orel, “From Linnaean Species to Mendelian Factors: Elements of Hybridism, 1751-1870,” Annals of Science, vol. 64 (2), pp. 171–215.

        with Alexander Powell, Maureen O’Malley, Jane Calvert, and John Dupré, “Disciplinary baptisms: A comparison of the naming stories of genetics, molecular biology, genomics and systems biology,” History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, vol. 29 (1), pp. 5–32.

        “The Love of Plants: How Linnaeus used erotic language to engage contemporaries in the quest for the natural system,” Nature, vol. 464 (15 Mar), p. 268.

2006                “Linnaeus’ herbarium cabinet: a piece of furniture and its function,” Endeavour, vol. 30 (2), pp. 60–64.

        “Korrespondenz, Tausch und Klassifikation in der neuzeitlichen Naturgeschichte,” Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie, vol. 12 (= Netzwerke, edited by M. Kaasch, J. Kaasch, and V. Wissemann), pp. 117–122.

2005                “Early Mendelism and the subversion of taxonomy: Epistemological obstacles as institutions,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 36 (3), pp. 465–487.

        “Zum Verhältnis von Taxonomie und Genetik um 1900. Die Zuchtstation des Schwedischen Saatzuchtvereins Svalöf,” Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie, vol. 11 (= Stätten biologischer Forschung, edited by C. Groeben), pp. 203–216.

2004                “Eruditio historica, critica, antiqua. Quellen der Naturgeschichte,” Zeitschrift für Deutsche Philologie, vol. 12 (Beiheft:‘Quelle’ zwischen Ursprung und Konstrukt. Ein Leitbegriff in der Diskussion, edited by T. Rathmann and N. Wegmann), pp. 89–101.

2003                “Nature as a marketplace: The political economy of Linnaean botany,” History of Political Economy, vol. 35 (Supplement; = Oeconomies in the Age of Newton, edited by N. De Marchi and M. Schabas), pp. 154–172.

        “Joining Lapland and the Topinambes in flourishing Holland: Center and periphery in Linnaean botany,” Science in Context, vol. 16 (4), pp. 461–488.

2001                “Gardens of Paradise,” Endeavour, vol. 25 (2), pp. 49–54.

        “La storia raddoppiata. La sintesi dei fatti nella storia naturale di Linneo,” Quaderni storici, vol. 108 (3), pp. 823–842.

1998                “‘Varietäten auf ihre Arten zurückführen.’ Zu Carl von Linnés Stellung in der Vorgeschichte der Genetik,” Theory in Bioscience, vol. 117, pp. 346–376.

1995                “Linnaeus’ Concept of a ‘Symmetry of All Parts,’” Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie, vol. 2, pp. 41–47.

1993                with Joachim Reitner, “Paleobiological Reconstructions of Selected Sphinctozoan Sponges from the Cassian Beds (Lower Carnian) of the Dolomites,” Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Reihe E, vol. 9, pp. 253–281.

Articles in edited volumes

in preparation               with Christina Brandt and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, “Introduction,” in Heredity Explored: Between Public Domain and Experimental Science, 1850-1930, edited by C. Brandt, H.-J. Rheinberger, and S. Müller-Wille, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; draft manuscript completed.

        with Marsha L. Richmond: “Revisiting the Origin of Genetics,” in Heredity Explored: Between Public Domain and Experimental Science, 1850-1930, edited by C. Brandt, H.-J. Rheinberger, and S. Müller-Wille, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; draft manuscript completed.

        “The economy of nature in classical natural history,” in Regulation: Current and Historical Themes in Theoretical Biology, edited by M. D. Laubichler, P. Hammerstein and H.-J. Rheinberger, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; manuscript copy-edited.

in print           “Vom Sexualsystem zur Karteikarte. Carl von Linnés Papiertechnologien,” in Nicht Fisch – nicht Fleisch. Ordnungssysteme und ihre Störfälle, edited by Thomas Bäumler, Benjamin Bühler und Stefan Rieger, Zürich: diaphanes, pp. 33–50; proofread.

2010                with K. Böhme, „Biologie: Wissenschaft vom Werden, Wissenschaft im Werden,“ in Geschichte der Universität Unter den Linden, 1810-2010, Vol. 4, Genese der Disziplinen: Die Konstitution der Universität, edited by E. Tenorth, V. Hess and D. Hoffmann, Berlin: Akademieverlag, pp. 425–446.

2009                with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, “Technische Reproduzierbarkeit organischer Natur – aus der Perspektive einer Geschichte der Molekularbiologie,” in Bios und Zoë. Die menschliche Natur im Zeitalter ihrer technischen Reproduzierbarkeit, edited by M. G. Weiß, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, pp. 11-33.

        with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, “Zur Genesis der Vererbung als biologisches Konzept, 1700-1900”, in Vita aesthetica. Szenarien ästhetischer Lebendigkeit, edited by A. Avanessian, W. Menninghaus, J. Völker, Berlin: Diaphanes, pp. 215–225.

        with Hans Jörg Rheinberger, “De la génération à l’hérédité: continuities médiévales et conjunctures historiques modernes,” in L'hérédité entre moyen age et époque moderne. Perspectives historiques, edited by M. van der Lugt and C. de Miramon, Tavarnuzze: SISMEL – Edizioni del Galluzzo (= Vol. 27, Micrologus’ Library, edited by A. P. Bagliani), pp. 355–388.

2008                “Botanischer Tausch und Ökonomie der Natur,” in Wissen im Netz – Botanik und Pflanzentransfer in europäischen Korrespondenznetzen des 18. Jahrhunderts, edited by S. Dauser et al., Berlin: Akademie-Verlag (= Vol. 24, Colloquia Augustana, edited by J. Burkhardt, T. Stammen and W. E. J. Weber), pp. 79–89.

        “History redoubled. The synthesis of facts in Linnaean natural history,” in Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and his Contemporaries, edited by G. Engel, N. Karafyllis, R. Nanni and C. Zittel, Leiden: Brill (= Vol. 11/1+2, Intersections: Yearbook for Early Modern Studies, edited by K. Enenkel), pp. 516–538.

        with Hans Jörg Rheinberger, “Gene Concepts,” in A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology, edited by A. Plutynsky and S. Sarkar, Oxford: Blackwell (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy), pp. 3–21.

2007                “Race et appartenance ethnique: la diversité humaine et l’UNESCO Déclarations sur la race (1950 et 1951),” in 60 ans d’histoire de l’UNESCO. Actes du colloque international, Paris, 16–18 novembre 2005, Paris: UNESCO, pp. 211–220.

        with Hans Jörg Rheinberger, “Heredity – The Production of an Epistemic Space,” in Heredity Produced: At the Crossroad of Biology, Politics, and Culture 1500-1870, edited by S. Müller-Wille and H.-J. Rheinberger, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology, edited by J. Z. Buchwald), pp. 3–34.

        Figures of inheritance in natural history, 1650-1850,” in Heredity Produced: At the Crossroad of Biology, Politics, and Culture 1500-1870, edited by S. Müller-Wille and H.-J. Rheinberger, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (= Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology, edited by J. Z. Buchwald), pp. 177–204.

2006                with Hans Jörg Rheinberger, “Bausteine zu einer Kulturgeschichte der Vererbung,” in Max-Planck-Gesellschaft: Jahrbuch 2005, München: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft.

2005                “La science baconienne en action. La place de Linné dans l’histoire de la taxonomie,” in Les fondements de la botanique: Linné et la classification des plantes, edited by T. Hoquet, Paris: Vuibert, pp. 57–102.

        “Schwarz, Weiß, Gelb, Rot. Zur Darstellung menschlicher Vielfalt,” in Dingwelten. Das Museum als Erkenntnisort, edited by A. te Heesen and P. Lutz, Köln: Böhlau (= Vol. 4, Schriften des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums Dresden), pp. 161–170.

        “‘Walnut-trees at Hudson Bay, coral reefs in Gotland’: Linnaean botany and its relation to colonialism,” in Colonial Botany: Science, Commerce, and Politics in the Early Modern World, edited by L. Schiebinger and C. Swan, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 34–48.

        “Paradies, Akademie, Ökonomie. Zur Transformation botanischer Gärten im 18. Jahrhundert,” in Der andere Garten. Erinnern und Erfinden in Gärten von Institutionen, edited by A. Annanieva et al., Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (= Vol. 22, Formen der Erinnerung, edited by G. Oesterle), pp. 235–249.

        “Konstellation, Serie, Formation. Genealogische Denkfiguren bei Harvey, Linnaeus und Darwin,” in Generation. Zur Genealogie des Konzepts – Konzepte von Genealogie, edited by S. Weigel et al., München: Fink, pp. 215–233.

2004                “Ein Anfang ohne Ende. Das Archiv der Naturgeschichte und die Geburt der Biologie,” in Macht des Wissens. Die Entstehung der modernen Wissengesellschaft, edited by R. v. Dülmen and S. Rauschenbach, Köln: Böhlau, pp. 587–605.

2003                “Was ist Rasse? Die UNESCO-Erklärungen von 1950 und 1951,” in Der (im-)perfekte Mensch. Metamorphosen von Normalität und Abweichung, edited by P. Lutz et al., Köln: Böhlau (= Vol. 2, Schriften des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums), pp. 57–71.

2001                “Carl von Linnés Herbarschrank. Zur epistemischen Funktion eines Sammlungsmöbels,” in Sammeln als Wissen. Das Sammeln und seine wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Bedeutung, edited by A. te Heesen and E. Spary, Göttingen: Wallstein (= Wissenschaftsgeschichte, edited by M. Hagner and H.-J. Rheinberger), pp. 22–38.

2000                “Genealogie, Naturgeschichte und Naturgesetz bei Linné und Buffon,” in Genealogie als Denkform in Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit, edited by K. Heck and B. Jahn, Tübingen: Max Niemeyer (= Vol. 80, Studien und Texte zur Sozialgeschichte der Literatur, edited by W. Frühwald et al.), pp. 109–119.

1998                “‘Reducing varieties to their species.’ The Linnaean research program and its significance for modern biology,” in Carl Linnaeus and Enlightened Science in Spain, Madrid: Fundacion Bernd Wistedt (= Spain and Sweden: Encounters throughout History, edited by E. Martinez Ruiz and M. de Pazzis Pi Corrales), pp. 113–126.

On-line publications

2010                “‘Eher Zirkus als Legebatterie’: Staffan Müller-Wille als Dompteur des eigenen Assoziationsreichtums” [Interview by Alexander Kraus and Frank Wolff]. zeitenblicke 9 (2), urn:nbn:de:0009-9-25839; http://www.zeitenblicke.de/2010/2/kraus-wolff_mueller-wille/.

2009                with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, “Gene,” Stanford Encyclopedia in Philosophy, edited by E. N. Zalta, Spring 2009 edition (substantially revised);
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/gene/.

        with Sara Scharf, 'Indexing Nature: Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) and his Fact-Gathering Strategies', London: London School of Economics (= No. 36/08, Working Papers on The Nature of Evidence: How Well Do ‘Facts’ Travel?);
URL=http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/economicHistory/pdf/FACTSPDF/HowWellDoFactsTravelWP.htm.

2008                “Plantbreeding at Svalöf: Instruments, Registers, Fieldwork,” The Virtual Laboratory: Essays and Resources on the Experimentalization of Life, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science;
http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/references?id=art69&page=p0001.

2007                with Christophe Bonneuil, „Trials and Registers: The Archives of Svaloef Wiebull and Vilmorin Companies,“ Mendel Newsletter 16;
http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/mendel/2007.pdf

2004                with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, “Gene,” Stanford Encyclopedia in Philosophy, edited by E. N. Zalta, Winter 2004 edition;
http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2004/entries/gene/.

2002                “Text, Bild und Diagramm in der klassischen Naturgeschichte,” kunsttexte.de, vol. 4;
http://www.kunsttexte.de/download/bwt/Mueller-Wille.PDF.

Preprints and conference proceedings

2009                                  “Mendel and Darwin on Hererdity,” in Charles Darwin I sovremennaja nauka. Proceedings of the International Conference “Charles Darwin and modern Biology”, St Petersburg, Sep 21-23, 2009, St Petersburg: Centre of Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences, pp. 309-311.

2008                                  Conference: A Cultural History of Heredity IV: Heredity in the Century of the Gene, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 343, Preprint);
contains:                         “Introduction” (with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger and John Dupré), pp. 3–5;
                                                       “Leaving inheritance behind: Wilhelm Johannsen and the politics of
                                                       Mendelism,” pp. 7–18.

2006                                  “Dissolution and coordination. Some general remarks on the history and epistemology of molecular biology,” in Workshop: History and Epistemology of Molecular Biology and Beyond: Problem and Perspectives, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 310, Preprint), pp. 255–257.

2005                                  Conference: A Cultural History of Heredity III: 19th and Early 20th Centuries, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 294, Preprint);
contains:                         “Introduction” (with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger), pp. 3–7;
                                                       “Race and kinship in anthropology: Morgan and Boas,” pp. 255–263.

2004                                  with H.-J. Rheinberger, Heredity – the Production of an Epistemic Space, Berlin: Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte (= Vol. 276, Preprint).

                                          Conference: A Cultural History of Heredity II: 18th and 19th centuries, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 247, Preprint);
contains:                         “Introduction” (with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger), pp. 3–6;
                                                       “Characters written with invisible ink. Elements of Hybridism, 1751–
                                                       1875,” pp. 47–59.

2003                                  “Eighteenth century classifications of non-living nature,” in Spaces of Classification, edited by U. Klein, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 240, Preprint), pp. 115–131.

2002                                  Conference: A Cultural History of Heredity I: 17th and 18th centuries, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 222, Preprint);
contains:                         “Introduction” (mit Hans-Jörg Rheinberger and Peter McLaughlin), pp. 3–6;
                                                       “Cabbage, Tulips, Ethiopians: ‘Experiments’ in Early Modern Heredity,”
                                                       pp. 7–25.

                                          Sammeln – Ordnen – Wissen. Beiträge zu einem Festkolloquium aus Anlaß des 80. Geburtstages von Ilse Jahn, edited by S. Müller-Wille, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (= Vol. 215, Preprint);
contains:                         “Die Entdeckung Mendels,” pp. 43–51.

2001                                  with Lorraine Daston and H. Otto Sibum, A History of Facts, Berlin: Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte (= Vol. 174, Preprint);
contains:                         “History redoubled. The synthesis of facts in Linnaean natural history,”
                                                       pp. 23–36.

Dictionary entries

        “Hérédité,” “Klineberg, O.”, in Dictionnaire historique et critique du racisme, edited by M. Prigent, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France; manuscript submitted.

2010                “Evolutionstheorien vor Darwin”, “Gene”, “Variation”, “Vererbung”, in Evolution: Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch, edited by P. Sarasin and M. Sommer, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

2009                “Carl von Linné, Systema naturae,” “August Weismann: Das Keimplasms,” “Wilhelm Johannsen: Elemente der exakten Erblichkeitslehre”, Kindlers Literatur Lexikon, 3rd edition, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

        “Rasse,” in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Vol. 10, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

        “Naturhaushalt,” in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Vol. 9, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

2008                “Naturgeschichte,” in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Vol. 8, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

        with Robert C. Olby and Vitezslav Orel, “Mendel, Gregor,” in New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by N. Koertge, Vol. 5, Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.

        “Linnaeus, Carl,” in New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, ed. by N. Koertge, Vol. 4, Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.

        “Linnaeus, Carl,” in The New Encyclopedia Britannica, Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc.

2007                “Hybride,” in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, ed. by F. Jaeger, Vol. 5, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

2006                with Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink, “Forschungsreise”, in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Vol. 3, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

2005                “Botanik,“ „Botanischer Garten“, in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Vol. 2, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

        “Art (Naturgeschichte),“ in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, edited by F. Jaeger, Vol. 1, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

2004                “Saunders; Schiemann; Stern; Tschermak; de Vries; Wilson,” in Lexikon der bedeutenden Naturwissenschaftler, vol. 3, edited by D. Hoffmann, H. Laitko and S. Müller-Wille, Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

        “Fisher; Flemmin; Franklin; Hales; Linné; Loeb,” in Lexikon der bedeutenden Naturwissenschaftler, vol. 2, edited by D. Hoffmann, H. Laitko and S. Müller-Wille, Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

2003                “Linnaeus, Carl,” in Europe 1450–1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World, New York: Charles Scribner”s Sons.

        “Adanson; Adrian; Ampferer; Augustinus; Bateson; Beadle; Beneden; Bloch; Boethius; Bütschli; Caesalpino; Camerarius; Chargaff; Columbus; Cook; Dolomieu; Dreses,” in Lexikon der bedeutenden Naturwissenschaftler, vol. 1, edited by D. Hoffmann, H. Laitko and S. Müller-Wille, Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Reviews

in press          “Appropriating and Translating Darwin [Essay review of Sander Gliboff, H. G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation, Cambridge, MA, 2008]”, in Science as Culture 19; proofread.

2009                “Philipp Sarasin, Darwin und Foucault. Genealogie und Geschichte im Zeitalter der Biologie, Frankfurt a.M., 2009,” Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 33(1).

        “Marianne Sommer, Bones and Ochre: The Curious Afterlife of the Red Lady of Paviland, Cambridge, MA., 2009,” British Journal for the History of Science 42(4).

        “Naturgeschichte und wissenschaftliche Revolution [Essay Review of Antonio Barrera-Osorio, Experiencing Nature, Austin 2006, Harold J. Cook, Matters of Exchange, New Haven 2007, Alix Cooper, Inventing the Indigenous, Cambridge 2007, Brian Ogilvie, The Science of Describing, Chicago 2006],” NTM – Journal of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine 17(3).

        “James Schwartz, In Pursuit of the Gene: From Darwin to DNA, Cambridge, MA, 2008,” Isis 100(2).

2008                “Allan Franklin et al., Ending the Mendel-Fisher Controversy, Pittsburgh, 2008,” Journal of the History of Biology 41(4).

        Angela N. H. Creager et al. (eds.), Science Without Laws: Model Systems, Cases, Exemplary Narratives, Durham 2007”, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30(2).

        “Petra Feuerstein-Herz, ‘Die große Kette der Wesen.’ Ordnungen in der Naturgeschichte der Frühen Neuzeit, Wiesbaden 2007,” Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 31(3).

        „Zeugung, Entwicklung, Evolution. Neue Perspektiven in der Geschichte der Lebenswissenschaften [Essay review of Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy, Cambridge 2006, and Manfred Laubichler and Jane Maienschein (eds.), From Embryology to Evo-Devo, Cambridge, MA 2007],“ NTM – Journal of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, New Series, 16(3).

        “Christine Hanke, Zwischen Auflösung und Fixierung. Zur Konstitution von ‚Rasse’ und ‚Geschlecht’ in der physischen Anthropologie um 1900, Bielefeld 2006,” NTM – Journal of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, New Series, 16(1).

2007                “Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy, Cambridge 2006,” British Journal for the History of Science 40(4).

        “Uwe Hoßfeld, Geschichte der biologischen Anthropologie in Deutschland: Von den Anfängen bis in die Nachkriegszeit, Stuttgart 2005,” History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28(3).

        “Frederic Lawrence Holmes, Reconceiving the Gene: Seymour Benzer's Adventures in Phage Genetics, New Haven 2006,” in Journal of the History of Biology, 40(3).

        “Philosophy of Biology Beyond Evolution [Review of Ulrich Krohs and Georg Toepfer, eds., Philosophie der Biologie. Eine Einführung, Frankfurt 2005],“ Biological Theory 2(1).

        “Raphaël Lagier, Les races humaines selon Kant, Paris 2004,” History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28(2).

        “Predictive Genetics and Ethnology [Review of Monica Konrad, Narrating the New Predictive Genetics: Ethics, Ethnography and Science, Cambridge, 2005],” New Formations 60(1).

        “Diversity and Adversity [Review of Jenny Reardon, Race to the Finish: Identity and Governance in an Age of Genomics, Princeton, 2005],” in New Formations 60(1).

        “Thomas Wieland, ‘Wir beherrschen den pflanzlichen Organismus besser, …’: Wissenschaftliche Pflanzenzüchtung in Deutschland, 1889-1945, München 2004“ Technology and Culture 48(1).

2006                “Claudio Pogliano, L’ossessione della razza. Antorpologia e genetica nel XX secolo, Pisa 2005,” Nunicus 21.

        “Thomas Junker, Die zweite Darwinsche Revolution. Geschichte des Synthetischen darwinismus in Deutschland 1924 bis 1950, Marburg 2004,” Gesnerus 62.

2004                “Carl Linnaeus, Philosophia botanica, transl. S. Freer, Oxford 2003,” Journal for the History of Biology 37(4).