Accurate referencing enables the reader to go to the original source of the ideas you have used.  This avoids plagiarism and ensures that the original author is credited with their work.  Plagiarism is a form of cheating in which the writer uses someone else's work as though it were their own. All your work must be correctly referenced as described below. Referencing also allows a reader to follow up an area that interests them and it shows that you are aware of the literature in your field. Correct referencing should always be used in academic writing.

There are different ways of referencing sources.  Different fields of study and different journals use different systems. There are two types of system: those that use footnotes and those that cite the name and date of the author in the text.  Two of the most common are American Psychological Association (APA) and Harvard.

Further detailed information about referencing is available in ELE: