Postgraduate Module Descriptor

LAWM712: International Law of Cyber Operations

This module descriptor refers to the 2014/5 academic year.

Module Content

Syllabus Plan

It is envisaged that the syllabus will cover the following topics. Please note that this syllabus is indicative: its content and the proportion of teaching activities may be subject to change.


  1. Internet Structure and Communication
  2. Defensive  and Offensive Cyber Operations
  3. Actors in Cyberspace:  States, Paramilitaries and Proxies,
  4. Anonymization and Back Tracing
  5. National Cyber Initiatives and International Cyber Affairs
  6. NATO Cyber Defence Policy and Operations
  7. Introduction to the Sources of International Law
  8. Sovereignty in Cyberspace
  9. The Law of State Responsibility for Cyber Activities
  10. The Law of Countermeasures and Necessity in Cyberspace
  11. The Law of Cyber Intervention and Use of Force
  12. Self-Defence in Cyberspace
  13. Legal Classification of Cyber Conflict
  14. Neutrality Law in Cyberspace
  15. The Law of Deception in Cyberspace
  16. The Legal Notion of Cyber Attack
  17. The Law governing Tactics, Precautions in Attack and Proportionality in Cyberspace
  18. Legally Targetable and Protected Persons in Cyber Conflict
  19. Legally Targetable and Protected Objects in Cyber Conflict
  20. Legal Limitations on Means and Methods of Warfare in Cyber Warfare
  21. The Future of the Law of Cyber Conflict

Learning and Teaching

This table provides an overview of how your hours of study for this module are allocated:

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

...and this table provides a more detailed breakdown of the hours allocated to various study activities:

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities24.5Lectures and seminars of varying length over 5 days
Scheduled learning and teaching activities8Group work
Guided independent study227.5Individual reading and preparation
Guided independent study40Preparation for the summative essay

Online Resources

This module has online resources available via ELE (the Exeter Learning Environment).

CCD CoE Publications:

International Cyberspace Law Research Guide: