Undergraduate Module Descriptor


LAW3137: Lethal Force, the ECHR and Democracy

This module descriptor refers to the 2017/8 academic year.

Indicative Reading List

This reading list is indicative - i.e. it provides an idea of texts that may be useful to you on this module, but it is not considered to be a confirmed or compulsory reading list for this module.

D.J. Harris, M. O'Boyle, E.P. Bates and C.M. Buckley, Harris, O'Boyle & Warbrick: Law of the European Convention on Human Rights, 3rd edn (Oxford University Press, 2014)

S. Bronnitt, M. Gani and S. Hufnagel, Shooting to Kill: Socio-Legal Perspectives on the Use of Lethal Force (Hart, 2012)

P. Squires and P. Kennison, Shooting to Kill? Policing, Firearms and Armed Response, (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010)

E. Wicks, The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests, (OUP, 2010)

F. Leverick, Killing in Self-Defence , 2006 (OUP)

S. Uniacke, Permissible Killing , 1996 (CUP)

P. A. J. Waddington, The Strong Arm of the Law (OUP, 1991) and Policing Citizens (UCL, 1999)

S. Skinner, ‘Deference, Proportionality and the Margin of Appreciation in Lethal Force Case Law under Article 2 ECHR’ (2014) 1 European Human Rights Law Review 32-38

S. Skinner, “The Right to Life, Democracy and State Responsibility in ‘Urban Guerilla’ Conflict: The Grand Chamber Judgment in Giuliani and Gaggio v Italy ”, (2011) 11.3 Human Rights Law Review  567-577

J. Chevalier-Watts, ‘Effective Investigations Under Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights: Securing the Right to Life or an Onerous Burden on a State?’ (2010) 21(3) European Journal of International Law 701-721

J. Chevalier-Watts, ‘A Rock and a Hard Place: Has the European Court of Human Rights Permitted Discrepancies to Evolve in Their Scrutiny of Right to Life Cases?’ (2010) 14.2 International Journal of Human Rights 300-318

F. De Sanctis, ‘What Duties Do States Have with Regard to the Rules of Engagement and the Training of Security Forces under Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights?’ (2006) 10(1) The International Journal of Human Rights 31-44

 ELE – http://vle.exeter.ac.uk/