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Many workplace skills are relevant to a variety of roles and sectors, but we have picked out a few that are specific to the work involved in journalism.

  • Research
  • Communication
  • Creative Writing
  • Shorthand
  • Presenting
  • Microsoft Office
  • Feature Writing
  • Editing
  • Page Lay-out and Design
  • Search Engine Optimisation (SEO)
  • Quark Xpress and InDesign
  • Journalism Law
  • Ethics Training
Alumni Profile
Job Sites

You can find job postings relevant to Journalism on these job sites:

TEDtalk - "3 Ways to Fix a Broken News Industry"
  • Project Management,
  • Financial skill
  • Languages
  • Resilience
  • Endurance
  • Self-confidence
  • Initiative
  • Communication
  • Analysis and Problem Solving
  • Planning and Organisation
  • Collaboration
TEDtalk - The power of local reporting
Still Not Sure?

If you're still not sure about which sector you want to go into, you can find our other Careers Portfolios below.









For anyone wanting to get into journalism generally, the best thing you can do is get experience and make this experience varied. Write for the student paper or the magazines, have a blog, get work experience at local and national publications. This will not only show your commitment but will help you to learn about different types of journalism and will give you an idea of what area you’d like to go into. For sub-editing the best advice I can give is read widely - this will help you to understand the different styles different newspapers or magazines have.

Becca McAuley, Sub-Editor Daily Mail

(BA International Relations, 2018)

Sub sectors

There is a huge variety of roles available within the journalism field. Many individuals move between specialisms throughout their careers, but there is also scope to focus on an area of particular interest to you and dedicate your work to that end.

Newspaper reporting is perhaps the most well-known area of journalism, and it involves researching and writing copy for articles and print newspapers.

These roles often also involve practical frontline work which is then translated into an article at a later date.

There is a huge variety even in the content that is written for print, including traditional news pieces, as well as opinion columns, specialist reviews and reports, and feature pieces.

Broadcast journalists deliver news via radio, television and the internet, often in multi-media format.

Roles can involve presenting information on radio or in front of a camera, as well as more production focused roles that are involved with writing, editing, managing and producing media pieces. 

For more information on working in Broadcast Journalism, see our interview with Simon Vigar, the Royal Correspondent at Channel 5 News.

Investigative Journalism is focused on equality, fairness and honesty, and reporters in this area investigate, research and report information on stories that might involve some malpractice or controversy.

This is the area where freedom of the press is most central, as stories can involve holding election campaigns to account, tracking environmental polluters, and investigating political and social problems. 

Photojournalists are the camera people of the journalism world, documenting news events and providing images and videos for features and pieces.

Those who work in this specialism are often freelance, which provides freedom and flexibility but may also be slightly less stable than a full-time contracted role.

Often this type of role will require you to have spent time taking photography or videography courses as well as standard journalism training in preparation for the work.

Foreign correspondents report back to news organisations from abroad, reporting on the events and issues currently facing that country, and how they relate to the home country.

This often requires you to live in the country you are assigned to, and may be very full-on and even dangerous depending on the specific political issues ongoing in the foreign place.

Freelance Writers are journalists that are not necessarily employed by a single media company, but are instead commissioned for work by a variety of outlets. This is self-employed work, so is flexible and extremely varied, but can also be quite stressful and intense as there is no guarantee of work unless you find it yourself.

Freelance writers typically specialise in a particular area or discipline (e.g. News, Arts & Entertainment, Technology), but some cover several areas.

Most newspapers and other media journalism outlets employ editors to ensure that the pieces come together into a coherent whole and are well written and presented.

These roles are often progressed into at later stages in journalist’s careers, the most senior being the Senior Editor of a newspaper or broadcasting company.

Copyediting roles are more entry level, but may require specific qualifications.

Training & qualifications

There are a huge number of opportunities for gaining additional qualifications and training that will aid you in seeking employment within the Journalism sector.

Open the drop down menus below to find out more about some of the options.

This is the new 2-year apprenticeship scheme where the pay is £21,216 per annum and provides expert training for people demonstrating their expert potential who are looking to develop advanced journalism skills.

Apprentices are based in one of the BBC newsrooms and work alongside news teams to develop their journalistic skills, creating and delivering quality content for multiple platforms. The apprenticeship provides hands-on experience involving researching, writing and broadcasting news. 

For more information take a look at their website here.

The London School of Journalism have many courses in journalism and associated skills that are often necessary for graduate level roles.

Distance Learning Courses include; News Journalism, Freelance and Feature Writing, Freelance and Travel Writing, Freelance and Music and the Arts, Freelance and Sports, Internet Journalism, Subediting, Media Law.

Short Courses include; News, Lifestyle, Freelance Journalism and Creative Writing, Media Law

They also run a Summer School for four weeks each August, which gives a very detailed overview of News and Features journalism, designed for those who are trying to decide if journalism is the right career for them.

The National Council for Training of Journalists run many accredited courses, including shorthand courses and examinations which may be vital in reporting roles.

For more information see their website

The union also run a range of skill-development programmes, as well as courses in video editing for journalists, freelance forums and publishing.

They can also support students with bursaries for further study in fields related to journalism.

For more information go to their website.

Postgraduate study

Many journalism graduate jobs will expect you to have some kind of qualification in addition to your undergraduate studies.

This may be a postgraduate degree, or some kind of course. If you wish to undertake a course after you finish studying, make sure you check whether it is accredited by a reputable association such as the National Council for the Training of Journalists, who have a course search on their website here.

If you want to do a more university based postgraduate course, you can search for relevant MAs on

The London School of Journalism run a postgraduate online course in Journalism, which is designed to give you pre-entry knowledge and experience in writing feature articles, news reports and reviews, creating a website, professional use of social media, interviews, sub-editing, modern freelance journalism, networking opportunities and an optional shorthand module. This is an excellent foundation to boost you into your future career. 


Your choice of modules during your degree is an excellent opportunity to build specific skills and knowledge that will aid you in your career path in Journalism.

Many of the modules on offer in the Social Sciences and International Studies College involve critically analysing social issues and the role of the media in society, which is of huge relevance to a career in any section of journalism.

If you wish to pursue a specialism in a specific topic, modules can be an excellent way of highlighting this to future employers and giving you a good foundation in the topic. Below are some examples of modules within the SSIS departments you may want to consider taking in order to develop your understanding and gain the specific knowledge required within the sector. These modules may vary depending on staff availability and research interests, new topics of study, timetabling and student demand.


Module options can be found here.

More module options can be found here.

Module options can be found here.


Internships are a hugely significant part of the route into a journalism career. Many newsrooms have internships that they advertise individually and these can be highly competitive, so make sure you research deadline dates for specific places you’d be interested in interning.

Also make sure that your LinkedIn profile is up to date and professional, as potential internship employers may google you or find your page before they agree to hire you as an intern, and you want to make the best first impression possible.

You can also find volunteering and internship roles in business environments that may give you valuable skills to transfer to your future journalism career. Take a look at Communications and Press based roles, as these will give you skills such as writing, copy-editing and press liaison that will be vital at interview for graduate schemes or journalism jobs.

Take a look at the SCP and GBP internships available at the university on Handshake, as these are an amazing chance to get practical experience and boost your CV in preparation for graduate roles.

In addition, consider doing some freelance work, writing news analysis on your own blog, or teaching yourself new skills such as Final Cut editing software, coding or infographics design, as these will all be valuable assets to any future employer.

Extra-curricular Experience

Extra-curricular activities are hugely important to any job search, and can really make you stand out in comparison to other graduates. 

There are many opportunities to gain extra experience during your time at university, but below are some examples of things you could consider. 

We have split this into Students Union opportunities and Volunteering, and have highlighted some of the options that are most relevant to Journalism. This is by no means an exaustive list, so if you have something specific in mind you can do your own research on the Guild website Streatham, Student Union website Penryn or online.

Joining societies and getting involved with the Students' Guild at Streatham or the Student Union at Penryn activities is a fantastic opportunity to gain experience for your CV and show your dedication to your chosen field or career path.

This is extremely important in the Journalism sector, as societies give you the opportunity to develop and prove the skills needed in job interviews or freelance work.

Below is a list of some Societies or student groups that you might consider joining in order to give your skill set a boost and make yourself stand out from the crowd.

  • Exeposé - editing, communication, experience of print/online newspaper journalism, writing for various themed sections – members have gone on to work for major publications (The Guardian, The Independent, The Daily Mail, BBC, OK!, Xbox 360 Magazine, many others).
  • Debating Society – debating skills, communication, unbiased broadcasting experience, current issues, workshops in debating skills.
  • Debating Union (Penryn)
  • Art History & Visual Culture Society – learn and enjoy: art, film, photography, design.
  • XpressionFM – radio station for the University of Exeter, presenter training, production, audio editing, (music, sport or current affairs), reading news, great for interest in broadcast media/journalism.
  • XTV – student film and TV station, get involved with any aspect of film and television making
  • Falmouth Anchor Newspaper
  • Creative Writing Society – develop writing skills.
  • Photography Society – useful for photojournalism.
  • Pearshaped Music Magazine – journalism experience, music specific.
  • Penryn Press

Volunteering is another opportunity to show your dedication to the field of Journalism and gain valuable skills and experience.

Many of the projects run by the Exeter Student Volunteering (ESV) part of the Guild are relevant to the Journalism sector, and there are also many other opportunities on our campuses, so you will certainly be able to find something you’re interested in.

-         Exeter Council for Voluntary Services – resources about local volunteering opportunities

-         ESV Magic Carpet – help people gain self-confidence and well-being through creative arts, range of groups such as mental health, learning disability and community groups – good for creative skills

-         ESV Project Restore – rehabilitates survivors of human trafficking – research volunteer opportunities

-         Exeter Nightline – communication skills

-         Volunteer Cornwall

-         Student Union Penryn volunteering opportunities

Work experience in the Journalism sector

In this video we hear from Andrey Gusga, a History and Politics student who gained work experience in Russia to enhance his journalism skills.

Career Zone

Below, you can find feeds of the current jobs, events and mentors available through The Career Zone that are relevant to Journalism.

Click on any of the links to be taken to the specific page. 

The Career Mentor Scheme is a popular employability scheme which matches experienced professionals with a mentee (current student or recent graduate), to meet monthly for sector insights and one to one careers advice and guidance over a six month period.

Find out more.