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Invisible difference

This video shows the research interests of the Invisible Difference: Dance, Disability and Law project, funded by the Arts and Humanities Reserach Council, England.


SCuLE organises a writing retreat in the heart of Exeter. Read more.

Inaugural meeting of the Patent Scholars Network. Read story.

Science, Culture and the Law at Exeter (SCuLE)

About us

A multidisciplinary research group providing leading contributions to discourse on matters of policy, governance, regulation and culture in:

  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Technologies
  • Information Law
  • Human Rights
  • Legal Personhood
  • Bioethics
  • Psychoanalysis

Our outlook is collaborative, and we welcome colleagues from around the world who would like to become involved in our work.

We employ interdisciplinary, empirical, and traditional legal research methods in our investigations of these areas and:

  • their impact on the well-being of society
  • the consequences of such processes for individuals and communities
  • the regulation and legal implications of innovation

We are editors, assistant editors and occasional reviewers for a range of journals, and we work as peer reviewers for funded research, as contributors of expert evidence, and for Government departments and funding councils. We also provide consultancy services to a number of law firms in IP matters at a national, regional and global level.

SCuLE is a multidisciplinary research group advancing the scholarship of intellectual property law, human rights, legal personhood, bioethics, emergent (bio)technologies and information law.


PhD students

  • Donna Crowe-Urbaniak
  • Barton, Tania
  • Pearse, Martin
  • Cunningham, Zoe
  • Davenport, Daniel
  • Edeji, Obinna
  • Dornan, Hayley
  • Keliher, Janet
  • Kimani, Paul
  • Mu, Xiaochen
  • Wayham, Louise
  • Ozsoy, Elif Ceylan
  • Shahnewaz, Mohammad
  • Newbery-Jones, Craig

Current and recent projects


Spaces of Possibility for the Creative Re-Use of Europeana's Content

Charlotte Waelde
European Commission
2014 - 2021

3D printing in China

James Griffin
AHRC-Newton Fund
2015 - 2016

The Impact of Patents on Translational Research: Non-Invasive Prenatal Diagnosis in Europe and the US

Naomi Hawkins
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) - Future Leaders Scheme
2014 - 2018

RICHES (Renewal, Innovation and Change: Heritage and European Society)

Charlotte Waelde
European Union FP7
2014 - 2016

Copyright and publicly funded arts and humanities research: identifying exploitation models in the digital economy

Charlotte Waelde
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
2013 - 2016

In-Visible Difference: Dance, Disability and Law

Charlotte Waelde
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
2013 - 2015

Reform, and the Proposal for the Digital Copyright Exchange

James Griffin
The Society of Legal Scholars
2012 - 2012

A New Parallel Copyright Economy

James Griffin
Riventa Ltd.
2012 - 2012

Developmental Social Neuroscience, Ethics and Law: Challenges to Legal Perspectives in UK and Europe

Karen McAuliffe
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
2011 - 2012

Intellectual Property Rights: Should the Notion of 'Property' Remain in the Digital Era?

James Griffin
British and Irish Law, Education and Technology Association (BILETA)
2011 - 2012

AHRC Research Centre for Studies in Intellectual Property and Technology Law

Charlotte Waelde
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
2010 - 2012

Music and Dance: Beyond Copyright Text?

Charlotte Waelde
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
2010 - 2011

Studying SCuLE subjects

Our contribution to teaching within the Law School enables the provision of innovative courses drawing on the expertise of our group members.


The LLB undergraduate programmes offer intellectually stimulating optional modules that help students develop both their independent research skills and their knowledge about the latest social, technological and cultural developments in law. 

Postgraduate (Taught)

At postgraduate level, the School's LLM programme offers a specialised pathway leading to an LLM Intellectual Property Law.

Postgraduate (Research)

We also provide opportunities for excellent students to undertake higher research degrees, and currently supervise a number of  PhD students.


We are committed to enhancing students' employability through improving their advocacy and problem-solving skills. To this end we organise special mooting competitions (link) and develop links with law firms and other stakeholders particularly interested in fast-developing areas of law such as digital regulation and biotechnology.


SCuLE facilitates ground-breaking discussion in these fields through conferences and seminars which bring together students, academics, law practitioners, industry representatives and other professionals.

There are no current events to display, but please come back soon for updates.


For non-media enquiries relating to SCuLE and our work, please contact us as follows:

Dr Naomi Hawkins


+44 (0)1392 723381

Science, Culture and the Law at Exeter (SCuLE)
Law School - Amory Building
University of Exeter
Rennes Drive


Media enquiries are also welcome - please contact: