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A Changing Climate - Exploring the implications of climate change for UK defence and security

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This document is the Final Report of a study commissioned by the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) in November 2019 to inform the ongoing development of the MOD’s climate change strategy. It presents the main findings of the study, including:

  • The strategic defence and security implications of climate change on UK MOD activities.
  • A conceptual framework to help decision makers (i) map a range of impacts of climate change in relation to the MOD’s strategic objectives, and (ii) inform policy development in this area.
  • Recommendations to support the MOD in mitigating risks and adapting to the challenges and opportunities presented by climate change.