Honorary University Fellow
I work to develop international policy and legal responses to weapons and patterns of violence. I am Managing Director and co-founder of the UK-based NGO Article 36 and also currently provide coordination for the international coalition Stop Killer Robots.
I have written extensively around weapons, their impact and their regulation - as well as on civil society coalitions, the politics of violence and on technical issues around operational responses to unexploded ordnance, risk management etc.
I worked closely on the development of the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, the 2015 Safe Schools Declaration and the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions. I was a member of the governance board of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) when it was awarded the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize.
Article 36 is a co-founder, steering committee member and now also coordinates the campaign to Stop Killer Robots. In the context of discussion on autonomy in weapons systems, I developed the policy concept of 'meaningful human control'. Since the mid-2000s, I developed engagement on the impact on civilians of 'explosive weapons in populated areas' - now a leading international humanitarian policy priorty. Article 36 established and coordinates the International Network on Explosive Weapons.
Prior to working on international policy and law, I coordinated and managed humanitarian landmine clearance and explosive ordnance disposal operations for the UK NGO Mines Advisory Group.
I am part of the Aviation Futures think-tank within the Civil Aviation Authority and of the UK MoD's AI Ethics Advisory Panel.
I have degrees in History and in Social Anthropology from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
I work on weapons, armed violence, civil society coalitions and international humanitarian law:
NGO publications (written or co-authored)
2009 Explosive violence: the problem of explosive weapons, Landmine Action, London, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-8-8.
2009 Ambiguity in practice: benchmarks for the implementation of CCW Protocol V, co-written with Katie Harrison, Landmine Action.
2008, Joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions: a chance to save civilian lives, produced by Landmine Action in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
2008 Prohibiting cluster munitions: our chance to protect civilians, co-written with Greg Crowther, United Nations Development Programme, BCPR.
2007 Cluster munitions in Kosovo: analysis of use, contamination and casualties, Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-5-7.
2006 Anti-vehicle mines: managing the risk to humanitarian organisations, co-written with Greg Crowther for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-4-0.
2006 Failure to Protect: a case for the prohibition of cluster munitions, co-written with Dr. Brian Rappert for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-1-9.
2006 Campaign newsletter, Failure rates and the protection of civilians, Landmine Action, Summer 2006, Issue 12.
2005 Cluster munitions in Lebanon, co-written with Thomas Nash for Landmine Action, ISBN: 0-9536717-8-X.
2005 Campaign newsletter, Out of balance, Landmine Action, Winter 2005, Issue 11.
2005 A study of scrap metal collection in Lao PDR, analysis and strategy recommendations for UNICEF, published by Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), Geneva.
2005 Formal and informal responses to ordnance contamination, research paper co-written with Dave Tinning commissioned by the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Geneva.
2004 Humanitarian Impact from Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines, Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), Geneva.
2003, MAG Sri Lanka Project Report 2002, Mines Advisory Group Sri Lanka.
2002 Explosive Remnants of War: unexploded ordnance and post-conflict communities, Landmine Action, ISBN: 0-9536717-3-9.
1999 “Landmines & Unexploded Ordnance,” chapter written by Richard Moyes & Steve Wilson for Safety First: Security Management for NGO Workers, Save the Children Fund (SCF), London.
1996 British Landmines, as research assistant, UK Working Group on Landmines.
Journal articles and book chapters
2011 Statecrafting Ignorance: Strategies for managing burdens, secrecy, and conflict, with Prof. Brian Rappert and A.N.Other in Maret [ed.] Government Secrecy, Emerald Books 2011.
2010 The Convention on Cluster Munitions: A Commentary, as a contributor, book edited by Gro Nystuen and Stuart Casey-Maslen, Oxford University Press.
2010 Enhancing the protection of civilians from armed conflict – precautionary lessons, with Prof. Brian Rappert in Medicine, Conflict and Survival, Vol.26 No.1, January-March 2010.
2009 The Prohibition of Cluster Munitions: Setting International Precedents for Defining Inhumanity, with Prof. Brian Rappert in The Nonproliferation Review, July 2009, Volume 16.2
2008 Implications of the Convention on Cluster Munitions for developing a norm against area-effect use of explosive weapons, informal paper, 23 July 2008.
2007 Explosive remnants of war (ERW) and proportionality assessments under International Humanitarian Law: an example of UK practice, 11 April 2007, informal paper to the CCW.
2004 Economic necessity in the mine action sector - a very short discussion paper, Richard Moyes, December 2004.
NGO publications (as editor)
2009 Banning Cluster Munitions: Government policy and practice, co-author/sub-editor, Human Rights Watch and Landmine Action.
2008 [ed.] Counting the cost: the economic impact of cluster munition contamination in Lebanon, by Greg Crowther for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-8-8.
2008 [ed.] A convention beyond the Convention, by Dr. Brian Rappert for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-7-1.
2008 [ed.] Cluster munitions: analysis of legal cases, by Stuart Maslen and Prof. Virgil Weibe, Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-6-4.
2007 [ed.] M85: an analysis of reliability, by Colin King, Ove Dullum and Grethe Østern for Colin King Associates, Norwegian Defence Research and Norwegian Peoples Aid.
2006 [ed.] with Simon Conway and Raza Shah Khan, Landmines and Islamic Teachings, by Dr. Quibla Ayaz and Dr. Miraj ul Islam Zia, Sustainable Peace and Development Organisation (SPADO), Pakistan.
2006 [ed.] Foreseeable harm: the use and impact of cluster munitions in Lebanon – 2006, report by Thomas Nash for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-3-3.
2006 [ed.] Bosnia’s political landmines: a call for socially responsible and conflict sensitive mine action, report by Matt Bolton and Hugh Griffiths for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-2-6.
2005 [ed.] Out of Balance: UK Government efforts to understand cluster munitions and International Humanitarian Law, report by Dr. Brian Rappert for Landmine Action, ISBN: 978-0-9551923-0-2.
2005 [ed.] Explosive remnants of war and mines other than anti-personnel mines: Global impact survey 2003-2004, edited and with an introduction by Richard Moyes for Landmine Action, Mines Action Canada, Actiongroup Landmine.de, London, ISBN: 0-9536717-9-8.