Undergraduate Module Descriptor

POL3089: Policy in Action

This module descriptor refers to the 2019/0 academic year.

Module Content

Syllabus Plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, it is envisaged that the syllabus will cover some or all of the following topics: 

  • Implementation theory: Top-down or bottom-up?
  • Going hybrid: Third generation implementation perspectives
  • Who complies with the European Union?
  • It’s domestic politics, stupid!
  • European Union policies “in action”
  • Federalism, decentralization, and distributive justice
  • Frontline policy implementation
  • Discriminating bureaucrats? Street-level bureaucracy and social equity
  • “You can’t make me do it”: Accountability and enforcement
  • Hybridization and for-profit policy implementation

Learning and Teaching

This table provides an overview of how your hours of study for this module are allocated:

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

...and this table provides a more detailed breakdown of the hours allocated to various study activities:

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities4422 x two hour seminars
Guided Independent Study60Guided reading
Guided Independent Study53Preparation of presentations
Guided independent study 143Essay preparation - conducting research, analysing data, writing the finished product

Online Resources

This module has online resources available via ELE (the Exeter Learning Environment).


Street-level bureaucracy, explained in brief by Michael Lipsky:




Other Learning Resources



You can find lots of advice relating to essay writing at:



You can also find other useful advice related to general study skills at: http://www.services.ex.ac.uk/edu/student-learning-skills/resources.shtml