Listed below are forthcoming events in Sociology, Philosophy and Anthropology.
See also all events in the College of Social Sciences and International Studies.
Any college staff or postgraduates may always attend. Anyone else should contact the department or the centre in question.
|When||Time||Description||Location||Add to Calendar|
|10 March 2014||15:00||Full details||Byrne House|
|17 March 2014||15:00||Full details||Amory B315|
|24 March 2014||15:00|
Dr John Danaher (Keele University), The Design of Social Epistemic Systems: Lessons from the Legal TrialAbstract: Social epistemic systems are systems in which agents and institutions send and receive signals, and generate judgments of truth or falsity. The legal trial is a paradigmatic example of such a system. Taking this characterisation onboard, this paper sets out to provide a taxonomy of the different epistemic interventions into the legal system, and to develop a framework for evaluating such interventions. The taxonomy identifies four types of intervention, which vary in how they treat human agency (information hiding, instrumentalising, enhancing, and by-passing). The framework works from a multi-dimensional theory of legitimacy conditions. To illustrate the advantages of this framework, a specific case study is analysed. The case study is the increasing use of data-mining algorithms in legal decision-making. It is argued that the increasing use of such algorithms poses a new type of legitimacy threat to the legal system (the threat of algocracy). The paper concludes by evaluating three proposed solutions to this threat. Each is found to be lacking. Full details
|27 March 2014||15:30|
Professor Karima Bennoune (UC Davis) '"Your Fatwa Does Not Apply Here": The human rights struggle against Muslim fundamentalism.'"Your Fatwa Does Not Apply Here": The human rights struggle against Muslim fundamentalism.Karima Bennoune carried out nearly 300 interviews over three years with people from nearly 30 countries, from Afghanistan to Mali, to document peaceful, local human rights struggles against fundamentalism. These are some of the most important, and most overlooked, human rights struggles in the world today. From Pakistani peace activists to Tunisian feminists, from Chechen journalists to Algerian victims of terrorism, Bennoune will share their stories and provide a human rights analysis from these many frontlines.Karima Bennoune is Professor of International Law at UC Davis School of Law, a member of the board of the network of Women Living Under Muslim Laws and a former Amnesty International Legal Advisor. Full details
|31 March 2014||15:00||Full details||Byrne House|
|10 April 2014||Full details||Byrne House|
|10 April 2014||12:00||Full details||Building One|
|12 May 2014||15:00||Full details||Amory A239AB|
|19 May 2014||15:00||Full details||Amory A239AB|
|20 May 2014||15:00|
Speaker: Mathias Grote, Technische Universitt Berlin - Neither natural, nor species? Ways of classifying in 20th century microbiologyBacteria have often been considered a tough case for biological classification due to their variability and a lack of morphological characters. Moreover, an accepted method for a phylogenetic (evolutionary) classification has arisen only recently on the basis of microbial genomics. As microbiology has been quite a successful field of science since the days of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch, one may ask how microbiologists have actually classified their objects before the age of DNA sequencing. In this talk, I will follow the development of microbial classification closely on the level of experimental practices (culturing techniques, diagnostic tests), the rules and conventions needed to implement specific ways of classifying (nomenclature, manuals), as well as the influence of fields such as botany, medical bacteriology or statistics. It will become clear that bacterial classification was (and probably still is) a scientific activity that has established the grid of nature between the laboratory, clinic and the field through carefully negotiating novel results with existing data. Moreover, there has never been any consensus on the mode of doing it right.Non-phylogenetic modes of classifying bacteria (such as based on overall similarity or the organisms ecology) have been important for most of the 20th century and even nowadays, the status of DNA-based phylogeny for classification remains disputed. This allows me to ask the philosophical question of the relevance and place of evolution in biological classification. Is a phylogenetic classification the only scientific way of putting bacteria in order? Full details
|27 May 2014||15:00||Full details||Byrne House|
|2 June 2014||15:00||Full details||Byrne House|
|9 June 2014||15:00|
Dr Matthew Smith (Glasgow Caledonian University) - 'Hyperactive around the World? The History of ADHD in Global Perspective'A recent study out of Brazil has claimed that the global rate of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is 5.29%. Any variation in such rates in specific studies, argued the authors, was likely due to methodological problems, rather than differences in the actual distribution of the disorder. According to the authors, such findings give weight to the disorder's 'identity as a bona fide mental disorder ... as opposed to a social construction'. Such reports also strengthen the flawed notion that ADHD is a universal and essential disorder, prevalent in human populations regardless of cultural context, and consistently represented throughout history by the same characteristics.While it is true that the concept of ADHD has spread from the USA, where it emerged during the late 1950s, to most corners of the globe, as suggested by the membership of the ADHD World Federation, such superficial pronouncements mask profound differences in how ADHD has been interpreted in different countries and regions. In this paper, I will compare ADHD's emergence in a number of jurisdictions, including the USA, UK, Scandinavia, China and India, arguing that, while ADHD can be considered a global phenomenon, it remains very much a product of local historical, cultural and political factors. Full details