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Advising the European Parliament on how to ‘Update the Unfair Contract Terms Directive for Digital Services’. Read more.


Centre for European Legal Studies

About us

The Centre’s approach is critical, independent, comparative and contextual. It draws upon a diverse group of research staff and a unique legacy as one of the UK’s earliest and most influential centres in European Legal Studies.

The Centre engages with an international circle of scholars, practitioners, the political community and State and non-State actors. It is assisted in its work by an advisory board.  In addition, the Centre maintains collaborative links with other research centres and disciplines on broader themes such as transnational private and commercial law, constitutionalism, human rights, and new forms of governance.

Established in 1972, CELS is one of the oldest centres of its kind in the UK.

CELS has close ties with the Centre for European Governance.




The Centre engages with an international circle of scholars, practitioners, the political community and State and non-State actors. It is assisted in its work by an advisory board

Centre management

NameRole Research interests
Associate Professor Joasia Luzak Director European consumer law, European contract law, consumer behaviour, digital content, principle of transparency, big data and private law


Centre colleagues

NameResearch interests
Konstantinos Alexandris Polomarkakis Socio-Legal Studies, Labour Law, EU Law & Policy, Judicial Decision-making, Social Policy-making
Dr Ana Beduschi Immigration and asylum law (International and European law aspects), International Human Rights law, European Human Rights system, Inter-American Human Rights system, European Union law (notably fundamental rights), International Human Rights Law.
Dr Mihail Danov Private international law and competition law.
Dr Catherine Dupré Post-communist transition, constitutional justice, human dignity and human rights, crises of democracy, European constitutionalism
Professor Andrea Lista EU Competition law, Corporate law, and International Trade and International Commercial Arbitration
Kubo Macak General international law, international humanitarian law, and the law of cyber security
Dr Isabella Rueda Europeanization of Private Law, Comparative Law, Private International Law, Transnational Commercial Law
Dr Aurel Sari Specialising in public international law and the legal aspects of European security and defence policy.
Dr Julia Schmidt

European external relations law with a focus on the common security and defence policy, military crisis management operations, sanctions, the EU's relationship with the UN and the Responsibility to Protect

Dr Stephen Skinner Research focuses on theoretical, historical and normative dimensions of the relationship between law and democracy
Richard Edwards Human rights law, constitutional law and reform, free speech and aspects of criminal justice
Rob Merkin  
Greta Bosch  
James Griffin  
Naomi Hawkins  
Frederic Rolland  
Severine Saintier  
Dr Catherine Caine  
Matthew Cole  
Adam McCann  
Mathilde Pavis  
Karen Walsh  


Regional Organisations and the Responsibility to Protect: The Case of the European Union

Julia Schmidt
British International Studies Association
2017 - 2018

Impact Assessment and contract law harmonisation

Isabelle Rueda
British Academy
2016 - 2017

LLEJC: Law and Language at the ECJ

Karen McAuliffe
European Commission (EC)
2013 - 2015

Leverhulme Research Fellowship

Catherine Dupré
Leverhulme Trust
2010 - 2011

The Enforcement of Contractual Duties in European Jurisdictions

Andrew Tettenborn
British Academy
2009 - 2010

Human Dignity and Constitutionalism in Europe

Catherine Dupré
British Academy
2009 - 2010


NamePublications (since 2017)
Joasia Luzak

The Transparent Trap: a Multidisciplinary Perspective on the Design of Transparent Online Disclosures in the EU” (2018) Journal of Consumer Policy, available here.
Luzak J (2018). Digital age: time to say goodbye to traditional concepts. Journal of European Consumer and Market Law4 Full text.
Luzak J (2020). The Steady Creep of an Average Consumer as a Reference Consumer in the Assessment of the Transparent Provision of Mandatory Information. Tijdschrift voor Consumentenrecht & handelspraktijken5   
Luzak J, Wiewiórowska-Domagalska A (2020). Case studies - Polish law. In Baaij CJW, Cabrelli D, Macgregor L (Eds.) Interpretation of Commercial Contracts in European Private Law, Intersentia   
Luzak J (2020). A Broken Notion: Impact of Modern Technologies on Product Liability. European Journal of Risk Regulation11(3), 630-649.
Luzak J, van der Hof S (2018). Directive 2011/83/EU - Consumer Rights Directive (Electronic Commerce Aspects). In Gijrath S, van der Hof S, Lodder AR, Zwenne G-J (Eds.) Concise European Data Protection, E-Commerce and IT Law, Wolters Kluwer
Luzak J (2018). Who Calls the Tune? Stock Taking of Behavioural Consumer Protection in Europe. In Micklitz H-W, Sibony A-L, Esposito F (Eds.) Research Methods in Consumer Law, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd:  Full text.
Luzak J (2017). Is all fair in war against unhealthy and unsustainable lifestyles? the right to privacy vs. modern technology in consumer contracts. In Siliquini-Cinelli L, Hutchison A (Eds.) The Constitutional Dimension of Contract Law. A Comparative Perspective, Springer, 39-59  Abstract.  Full text.
Luzak J (2019). Will the imaginary active consumers please stand up? Case note to Walbusch Walter Busch (C-430/17). Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law Full textDOI
Luzak J (2019). In the wind of change: Ten years of the EU consumer credit framework. Tijdschrift voor Consumentenrecht & handelspraktijken1, 2-4. Full text.
Luzak J, Junuzović M (2019). Blurred Lines: Between Formal and Substantive Transparency in Consumer Credit Contracts. Journal of European Consumer and Market Law8, 97-107. Full text.
Ana Beduschi Beduschi AC (2018). Vulnerability on Trial: Protection of Migrant Children’s Rights in the Jurisprudence of International Human Rights Courts. Boston University International Law Journal36(1), 55-85.  Abstract.  Full text.
Mihail Danov

Danov M (2020). Cross-Border Litigation: Evaluating the Brexit Impact – a Socio-Legal Model for Data Analysis. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 199-229.
Cross-Border Aspects of EU Competition Law Enforcement: Comprehensive Reform Needed? in: Tomljenovic V, Bodiroga-Vukobrat N, Butorac Malnar V, Kunda I (eds.) EU Competition and State Aid Rules: Public and Private Enforcement (2017 Springer)
Cross-border Litigation in Europe: Some Theoretical Issues and Some Practical Challenges in: Beaumont P, Danov M, Trimmings K, Yuksel B (eds.) Cross-Border Litigation in Europe (2017 Hart Publishing)
Data Analysis: Important Issues to be Considered in a Cross-border Context in: Beaumont P, Danov M, Trimmings K, Yuksel B (eds.) Cross-Border Litigation in Europe (2017 Hart Publishing)
Effective remedies in cross-border civil and commercial law disputes: a case for an institutional reform at EU level in: Beaumont P, Danov M, Trimmings K, Yuksel B (eds.) Cross-Border Litigation in Europe (2017 Hart Publishing)
Introduction: Research Aims and Methodology in: Beaumont P, Danov M, Trimmings K, Yüksel B (eds.) Cross-Border Litigation in Europe (2017 Hart Publishing)
The relationship between litigation and ADR: Evaluating the effect of the EU PIL framework on ADR/settlements in cross-border cases in: Beaumont P, Danov M, Trimmings K, Yuksel B (Eds.) Cross-Border Litigation in Europe (2017 Hart Publishing)
Kubo Macak & Sue Prince Mačák K, Prince S (2017). Constitutional Brexit: Why we need courts to determine the constitutional arrangements of the UK. Politics Home (26 Jan 2017). Web link.
Aurel Sari Sari A (2017). Reversing a Withdrawal Notification under Article 50 TEU: can a Member State Change its Mind?. European Law Review42, 451-451.  Full text.
Kyriaki Noussia

Nousia KP (2018). The Legal Framework Regarding the Distribution of Insurance-Based Investment Products: the EU and UK Approach. Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation2018/4 Full text.

Nousia KP (2019). Comparative Analysis of Transparency in Insurance Law in the Civil / Continental Law Jurisdictions. In Nousia KP, Marano P (Eds.) Transparency in the Insurance Contract Law, Springer

Nousia KP (2019). Comparative Analysis of Transparency in the Insurance Contract Law of the Common Law Jurisdictions. In Nousia KP, Marano P (Eds.) Transparency in the Insurance Contract Law, Springer

Catherine Caine   The place of the Rochdale envelope approach in offshore renewable energy” (2018) 20(2) Environmental Law Review
A fresh start for screening under the Habitats Regulations: Case c-323/17 People Over Wind, Peter Sweetman v Coillte Teoranta [2018] Ecr I-244 (2018) 20(3) Environmental Law Review 
Dieselgate” and Consumer Law: Repercussions of the Volkswagen scandal in the United Kingdom” (2017) 6(2) Journal of European Consumer and Market Law
Joseph Lee Lee J (2017). Europe and Takeovers. In Alcock, Millett, Todd (Eds.) Gore-Browne on Companies, Jordan Publishing
Severine Saintier Saintier S (2017). Community energy companies in the UK: a potential model for sustainable development in "local" energy?. Sustainability (Switzerland)9(8) Available online: 
Catherine Dupré ”Human Dignity is Inviolable. It must be Respected and Protected”: Retaining the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights after Brexit” (2018) 2 European Human Rights Law Review 
Matthew Cole Cole M (2019). Does the EU Commission really hate the US? Understanding the Google decision through competition theory. European Law Review44   Full text.
Timothy Dodsworth

Dodsworth TJ, Bisping C (2019). Energy Price Cap – a Disservice to Consumers. Journal of European consumer and market law2, 53-64

Dodsworth TJ (2017). Intermediaries as Sellers – a commentary on Wathelet. Journal of European Consumer and Market Law5, 213-215

McCann A (2019). The 'right to assisted suicide' and the institutional limits of judicial governance. European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance6(1), 1-5
Mathilde Pavis
Pavis MGA (2019). “In fashion, one day you are in, the next you are out”: comparative perspectives on the exclusion of fashion models from performers’ rights. European Intellectual Property Review41(6), 347-358.
Karen Walsh Walsh K (2019). Promoting Harmonisation across the European Patent System through Judicial Dialogue and Cooperation. International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law50(4), 408-440
Walsh K, Hawkins N (2020). Expanding the Role of Morality and Public Policy in European Patent Law. In  (Ed) Intellectual Property and Human Rights, Wolters Kluwer 
Julia Schmidt

Schmidt J (2020). The European Union and the Use of Force., Brill, Nijhoff 

Schmidt J (2019). The European Union and the Responsibility to Protect. European Foreign Affairs Review24, 309-326.  


Digitalised societies: Can New EU Consumer Agenda protect consumers?

Advising the European Parliament on how to ‘Update the Unfair Contract Terms Directive for Digital Services’

Assessment of the quality of the legal aid services to Dutch consumers

Zotero Consumer Law Female Collective database: Promoting scholarship of women in consumer law

Helping the European Commission to evaluate Dutch implementation of the new Package Travel Directive

Prof Luzak convenes 'The Transparent Trap: Disclosing Information to Consumers' conference in Amsterdam

Cross-Border Litigation in England and Wales: Brexit Implications

Professor Joasia Luzak organises a conference 'Consumer Law in the Data Economy'

AG Eleanor Sharpston QC gives the annual Lasok Lecture

Professor Luzak contributes to an international project on collective redress mechanisms in environmental and consumer mass harm situations

Professor Luzak organised an international symposium "Transparency: where art thou in consumer protection?" on June 27. 

Prof Dupré co-convened 'Human Dignity and Constitutional Crisis in Europe' conference in Florence

Professor Luzak presents at the Conference on Research in Private and Market Law - Challenges for the 21st Century

Professor Joasia Luzak on revision of the e-privacy Directive in light of Brexit

Catherine Dupre co-convened an international conference on Icelandic constitutional reform.

European Constitutional Democracy in Peril - People, Principles, Institutions: International Conference Budapest June 23-24 2016

Professor Luzak investigates fitness of Consumer Law for the 21st Century

Anti-Democratic Ideology and Criminal Law under Fascist, National Socialist and Authoritarian Regimes, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, 10-11 September 2015

Lethal Force, Policing and the ECHR: McCann and Others v UK at Twenty, Doughty Street Chambers, London, 25 March 2015


Lasok Lectures

On March 15th, Prof. Steve Peers (University of Essex) was invited by the Centre for European Legal Studies to give the annual Lasok Lecture on the topic of "Brexit and Human Rights". It captivated our audience and led to an interesting debate. The lecture has been recorded for those of our students and colleagues who have not been able to attend.

Watch here.

Find out more about the Lasok Lecture series.

Other events

Past events here.

There are no current events to display, but please come back soon for updates.


LLM Masters of Law

The Exeter LLM is a substantive, rigorous, and genuinely flexible programme of postgraduate study designed for the most ambitious and capable students. Delivered by some of the biggest names in legal research, our LLM allows you to create a bespoke programme of learning addressing your specific academic and professional needs, readying you to fulfil your career ambitions or for doctoral study.

Students interested in EU law should consider selecting some of the following modules on their pathway: Competition Law, Consumer Protection, Environmental and Energy Law, Mergers and Acquisitions, International Migration and the Law, Patent and Design Law, Financial Markets Law and Regulation, Artificial Intelligence and Law.

Find out more on our studying pages.

PhD study

We welcome applications from students wishing to study a PhD.  You can see our main areas of research on the members tab or use our research expertise search.

Find out more on our PhD pages.

Examples of our students:

Alptekin Koksal
'EU competition law and issues around the commercial use of 'Big Data''

Yanjun Shen 
'The new legal framework of competition law in the digitalised EU market from the consumer welfare perspective'

Alexandra Böhme (with Politics)

'Constitutional Theory in Britain and Germany. Conceptual Challenges by Supranationalism and Internationalization'

Kim Soyeon 
'Can ASEAN Benefit from the European Union's Experience in the Field of Facilitating Corporate Collaboration?'

Gisela Grabow (Germany)
'EU Law and 'best interest of the child' (jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement in Brussels II-bis; juridiction, recognition and enforcement in the traditional Hague Conventions)'

Hammad Hayssan (Egypt)
Subject of theses: 'Copyright Law'

Undergraduate study


Useful Links for students considering European legal studies

Contact us

Centre Director

Social Media Officer


Centre for European Legal Studies
Law School - Amory Building
University of Exeter
Rennes Drive