My research looks at the affective consequences of the securitisation of governance and the permanent war that subjects in the global south endure. More specifically, I focus on the instrumentalization of gender and sexuality and the sexualisation of racial difference in the Middle East has shaped relationships to the state, gendered subjectivity, mobility and futurity
My research deals with international relations of the Global South, foreign policies of dependent and/or authoritarian states, the migration-foreign policy nexus (migration diplomacy), frozen conflicts, contested/unrecognised states and the international politics of recognition – with a regional focus on North Africa, as well as EU foreign policy and Euro-Mediterranean relations.
My research has two main focuses. I have an interest in theories of nationalism, particularly ethno-symbolic approaches to nationalism, and how nationalist movements constitute a sustained form of contentious politics. My latest research examines 'radicalisation', particularly in relation to myths, memories and symbols of the past.
Kledja studies political violence and postconflict rebuilding with particular reference on the violence of war against civilians, violent non-state actors, Western foreign policy rationales for intervention, transitional justice, nationalism, state building, and (challenges of) provision of security in the aftermath of violent conflict – primarily focusing on the Balkan region and the Middle East.
I am a Professor of Modern History and Memory Studies at the University of Exeter where I specialise in the history of 19th and 20th century Britain and Ireland, with a particular focus on the First World War and British imperial activity in the Middle East.
My current research explores relations between human polities across the long term of human history, the way humans organise themselves politically, and how our understanding of the past is shaped by the biases of our present.
Democracy and democratization; parties, party systems, and party system institutionalization. These are the topics at the core of my research agenda. Over the past few years, I have published, lectured and debated widely on issues relating to the state of democracy and the likelihood of democratic, political change in North Africa, but I also frequently cover cases outside the Arab world (Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia), particularly when it comes to the study of political parties.
I am currently working on the meanings and impacts of colonial disintegration, focusing primarily on the interactions between decolonisation and globalisation. I am especially interested in patterns of empire collapse and the nature and extent of political violence during contested decolonisation.