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Exeter Centre for International Law

Welcome to the Exeter Centre for International Law

The Exeter Centre for International Law is home to a vibrant community of resident scholars, affiliated members and external visitors working in the field of international law. Our research interests and activities span a wide range of subjects and branches of law. We have particular expertise in the field of international human rights law, the law of armed conflict and international refugee law. We are an inclusive community and encourage students and fellow scholars at all levels to attend and participate in our events. Do get in touch!

Our mission

The Exeter Centre for International Law was established in 2014 to provide a focal point for the study of international law at the University of Exeter. The Centre builds on a long and distinguished tradition of international legal scholarship at Exeter Law School, stretching back to the 1960s. The purpose of the Centre is to provide an intellectual environment to

  • promote the study and development of international law;
  • stimulate debate and collaboration in response to the most pressing challenges facing the international legal order; and
  • support teaching and training in the field of international law.

Our work

‌Our work reflects the idea that international law is not merely an academic subject, but also an area of legal practice. Many of our members have first-hand experience in the application of international law. We maintain strong links with practitioners outside academia, from senior legal advisors to international judges, from government representatives to the staff of non-governmental organisations. We also benefit from close links with colleagues working in related disciplines, including members of Exeter University’s Strategy and Security Institute.

Members of the Centre conduct research at the forefront of international legal scholarship. We pride ourselves on our contribution to the wider legal and policy community. We publish leading pieces in peer-reviewed journals and contribute to key academic blogs. We participate in the work of international professional societies and regularly contribute to international events in the UK and abroad. We convene workshops on emerging topics and lead research projects addressing contemporary legal challenges.

Our research informs our teaching. Drawing on their specific expertise and interests, members of the Centre deliver a variety of courses in international law at the undergraduate and the postgraduate level, including in the field of conflict and security law and international human rights law.

News

Exeter Law School Professor Appointed to Prestigious US Advisory Body

Professor Michael Schmitt has been reappointed to another two-year term on the US Department of State’s Advisory Committee on International Law.  

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Exeter Academic Speaks at the Internet Security Conference in Beijing

On Tuesday 4 September 2018, Dr Kubo Mačák gave a talk entitled “Future of Cyberspace Governance: The Role of International Law” at one of the world’s largest cyber security conferences.

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Professor Schmitt honored for Research Excellence; Continues Cyber Capacity Building Effort

Professor Michael Schmitt was recently honored by the War College as its outstanding research scholar for academic year 2017-2018. 

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Dr Agnieszka Jachec-Neale presents on the legal challenges of military targeting

Earlier this year, Dr Agnieszka Jachec-Neale gave a series of presentations in The Hague on the challenges posed to the concept of lawful targets in armed conflict by the complexities of the modern battlefield.

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Exeter academics speak at a conference on hybrid warfare

On 24–25 May 2018, Palacký University in Olomouc, Czechia, hosted an international conference on the theme “Responding to Hybrid Threats by Force: International and National Law Aspects”. Two Exeter academics contributed to the event.

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The role of law in countering hybrid threats

Exeter academic brings legal expertise to European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats.

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Dutch Government Marks First Anniversary of Exeter Law Professor's Manual

Dutch Government holds birthday party for Exeter Professor's project.

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Exeter Cyber Law Experts in the Spotlight in Estonia

Exeter Law School is cementing its position as a global thought leader in international cyber law. Between 21 May and 1 June 2018, two members of the faculty travelled to Tallinn, Estonia, to take part in an annual gathering of global cyber experts in the fields of technology, strategy, policy, and law.

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Leading Chinese professor visits Exeter Law School

Professor Zhixiong Huang, the Luojia Chair of International Law at Wuhan University in China, visited the Law School in May 2018 to discuss academic collaboration between Exeter and Wuhan.

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The future of international law in 2050

Report published by the Exeter Centre for International Law on the future of the international legal system.

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Cyber Law in the Americas

The influence of the "Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law of Cyber Operations" continues to spread globally.

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Exeter Professor Influencing Cyber Policy

Professor Mike Schmitt of the Law School hit the road to discuss cyber law policy with key decision makers and the private sector.

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Conflict in outer space will happen: legal experts

Space and military law experts from Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States have joined forces to take the lead on understanding how our Earth-bound laws will be applied in times of armed conflict in outer space.

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Exeter PhD Student becomes International Law Adviser for the British Red Cross

Noel Trew, a doctoral student at the Strategy and Security Institute and Exeter Law School, has recently joined the International Law Department at the British Red Cross’s head office in London. Noel’s research was supervised jointly by Dr Aurel Sari from the Law School and Dr Catarina Thomson from the Politics Department.

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Exeter academics undertook research fellowships at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg

Dr Ana Beduschi and Dr Kubo Mačák spent four months as visiting researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. 

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Exeter Law School's Professor Schmitt on Israel Tour

Exeter Law Professor on speaking tour in Jerusalem and Washington

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PhD studentships in international law

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Estonia awards medal to Exeter professor

A University of Exeter professor has received a medal from the President of Estonia for his work on cyber security.

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Dr Beduschi spoke at the American Society of International Law Midyear Research Forum in St Louis, USA on 28 October 2017

Dr Ana Beduschi presented her research on the implications of new technologies based on big data analysis for State obligations under international human rights law in the context of international migration.

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Law as an asymmetric capability: Dr Aurel Sari presents on the legal aspects of hybrid threats

European and allied nations must increase their capacity to deal with the legal challenges presented by hybrid warfare. (2 October 2017)

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Exeter Centre for International Law co-hosts international conference in Bruges

On 20-22 September 2017, the Exeter Centre for International Law supported the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War, together with the University of Melbourne, in hosting a conference in the beautiful city of Bruges in Belgium.

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Exeter Law School: Thought Leaders in Cyber Law

Exeter Law School’s Professor Michael Schmitt and Dr. Kubo Mačák were figured prominently at a series of events on cyber security held in Tallinn, Estonia, over the past two weeks. (6 June 2017)

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Rules for space warfare to be drawn up

An international coalition of lawyers is to draft the first ever legal manual of space warfare.(22 May 2017)

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From Santiago to Singapore: Professor Schmitt talks Cyber Operations

Professor Schmitt co-directed a course on the international law of cyber operations for government officials from Central and South America in Santiago, Chile.(23 May 2017)

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Dr Jachec-Neale presents at the Second Israel Defence Forces Conference on the Law of Armed Conflict

Dr Agnieszka Jachec-Neale is presenting her research on the targeting of State and political party leaders and infrastructure related to leadership during armed conflict at the second International Israel Defence Forces Conference on the Law of Armed Conflict.(27 April 2017)

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First comprehensive legal guide for cyber behaviour published by University of Exeter expert

The first comprehensive guide covering the legal rules of behaviour in cyberspace, which will be used by governments around the world, has been published by a University of Exeter academic.(15 February 2017)

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Professor Schmitt honoured by the Estonian Government

A University of Exeter expert has been honoured by the Estonian Government for his pioneering work in international law.(10 February 2017)

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Exeter Law Professor Addresses NATO Secretary-General and North Atlantic Council on Cyber Law

On 19 January, Professor Mike Schmitt spoke on international law of cyber operation to NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, Deputy Secretary-General Rose Gottemoeller, and the North Atlantic Council (NAC).(25 January 2017)

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Dr Sari participates in Exercise Trident Juncture 16

Dr Aurel Sari reports on his participation in a command post exercise with the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps.(8 November 2016)

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Professor Schmitt's research and speaking tour

Professor Schmitt has been on a research and speaking tour for the last two months. He is now concluding his travels with a two week stay at the CCD COE in Estonia, completing the work on the Tallinn Manual.(8 November 2016)

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'Global Conversation' takes key issue of cyberwarfare to Washington DC

The latest research on cybersecurity, an issue high on the agenda for both sides in the current US Presidential election campaign, will be shared by a leading expert from the University of Exeter at a special event in Washington DC, USA.(17 October 2016)

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Expert roundtable on international humanitarian law to be hosted at Exeter Law School on 22-23 September 2016

Exeter Law School will host an expert roundtable in collaboration with the University of Reading to explore the impact of the law of armed conflict on general international law.(14 September 2016)

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World-leading international law expert takes up post at Exeter Law School

We are delighted to announce that Professor Michael N. Schmitt has joined the School on a full-time basis.(23 August 2016)

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Professor Schmitt speaks at the annual Fugh Symposium

The symposium brings together the most senior military attorneys from around the world to consider issues at the cutting-edge of law and conflict and to share their concerns and perspectives.(17 August 2016)

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Professor Schmitt attended the Transatlantic International Law and Armed Conflict Workshop at Oxford University

The workshops bring together a small, select group of senior scholars and practitioners from North America and Europe to exchange views on challenging topics in the field of international humanitarian law.(17 August 2016)

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Experts from around the world gather to discuss challenges of warfare

Representatives from the armed forces of several nations, NATO and the International Committee of the Red Cross joined Exeter academics to debate some of the most pressing legal challenges facing military operations.(24 June 2016)

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Professor Mike Schmitt and Dr Kubo Mačák speak on cyber security in Estonia

On 1 June 2016, two Exeter academics participated in a high-level expert panel on international law and cyber security at the 8th International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CyCon) in Tallinn, Estonia. (10 June 2016)

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Professor Mike Schmitt speaks on progress of Tallinn Manual 2.0 Project

Professor Schmitt, Professor of Public International Law at Exeter Law School, presented a public lecture at the T.M.C. Asser Institute  in the Hague on 3 February.(26 February 2016)

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Targeting: The Challenges of Modern Warfare

Targeting: The Challenges of Modern Warfare. (5 January 2016)

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Dr Sari hosts workshop on the legal implications of ‘hybrid warfare’

The event, convened in collaboration with the NATO Office of Legal Affairs and the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, brought together senior legal advisors and experts from across the UK and NATO for a two-day seminar, held in Exeter.(1 October 2015)

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Our members and research interests

 

NameResearch interests

Ana Beduschi

Immigration and asylum law, human rights law

Christine Bicknell

International and European human rights law

Rachel Gimson

International criminal law

Jess Duggan-Larkin

Public international law, human rights and constitutional law, with a particular focus on the international action of states and issues that require global collective action such as climate change

Agnieszka Jachec-Neale

Public international law, armed conflict, international criminal law, post-conflict environments

Joseph Lee

International securities law and regulation, international trade law, and international commercial arbitration

Kubo Mačák

General international law, international humanitarian law, human rights law

Josh Martin

Ocean law and governance, law of the sea, international environmental law, transnational dispute resolution, global commons management

Hitoshi Nasu

International security law, peacekeeping, the protection of civilians in armed conflict, human security, regional security in the Asia-Pacific, disaster relief and management, security institutions and international rule of law, and new technologies and the law of armed conflict

Aurel Sari

Public international law, law of armed conflict, international operational law, status of forces agreements, peacekeeping, collective security, NATO, hybrid warfare

Julia Schmidt

EU common security and defence policy, regional security

Mike Schmitt

The use of force, international humanitarian law, cyber conflict

Inga Thiemann

Public international law, human rights law, feminist legal theory, labour/employment law

 

Projects

Building Digital Identities: A Scoping Study

Ana Beduschi
ESRC IAA SOCIAL POLICY NETWORK
2016 - 2017

The Impact of the Law of Armed Conflict on General International Law

Kubo Mačák
College of Social Sciences and International Studies
2016 - 2017

Publications

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Events

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ECIL Working Paper Series

General Editor: Professor Mike Schmitt

Editor-in-Chief: Dr Kubo Mačák

The Working Paper Series was established by the Exeter Centre for International Law (ECIL) in 2017/18 in order to promote research outputs in the area of international law authored by members of the academic community at Exeter Law School. Enquiries about the series and requests for submission guidelines should be addressed to the editor-in-chief.

Papers published thus far are available at the links below.

 

Hitoshi Nasu & Sephora Sultana Invisible Soldiers: The Perfidy Implications of Invisibility Technology in Battlefields of the Future. ECIL Working Paper 2018/7
Kubo Mačák & Michael N. Schmitt  “Enemy Controlled Battlespace”: The Contemporary Meaning and Purpose of Additional Protocol I’s Article 44(3) Exception. ECIL Working Paper 2018/6 (forthcoming Vand. J. Transnat’l L.)
Ana Beduschi The Big Data of International Migration: Opportunities and Challenges for States Under International Human Rights Law. ECIL Working Paper 2018/5 (forthcoming Geo. J. Int’l L.)
Jennifer Maddocks Outsourcing of Governmental Functions in Contemporary Conflict: Rethinking the Issue of Attribution. ECIL Working Paper 2018/4 (forthcoming Va. J. Int’l L.) 
Michael N. Schmitt

“Virtual” Disenfranchisement: Cyber Election Meddling in the Grey Zones of International Law. ECIL Working Paper 2018/3 (forthcoming Chi. J. Int'l L.) 

Harry Aitken & Hitoshi Nasu Human Degradation Technologies and International Law. ECIL Working Paper 2018/2 (forthcoming W Boothby (ed) New Technologies and the Law in War and Peace (CUP 2018))
Kubo Mačák
Silent War: Applicability of the Jus in Bello to Military Space OperationsECIL Working Paper 2018/1 (forthcoming Int'l L. Stud.) 
Mihail Danov ‌Cross-Border Litigation in England and Wales‌: Pre-Brexit Data and Post-Brexit Implications. ECIL Working Paper 2017/3 (forthcoming Maast. J. Eur. & Comp. L.)
Ana Beduschi Vulnerability on Trial: Protection of Migrant Children’s Rights in the Jurisprudence of International Human Rights Courts. ECIL Working Paper 2017/2 (forthcoming B.U. Int’l L. J.)
Aurel Sari

Hybrid Law, Complex Battlespaces: What’s the Use of a Law of War Manual? ECIL Working Paper 2017/1

Contact us

 

For non-media enquiries about the Exeter Centre for International Law and its activities, please contact us in one of the following ways.

 

Email:

ecil@exeter.ac.uk

 

Dr Aurel Sari (Director)

Telephone: +44 (0)1392 725608

Post:

Exeter Centre for International Law
Law School
Amory Building
University of Exeter
Rennes Drive
Exeter
Devon
UK
EX4 4RJ

  

For media enquires, please contact the Press Office at pressoffice@exeter.ac.uk or +44 (0)1392 722307.